Monday January 17, a group of 75 golf professionals and leading amateurs met at
the Taplow Club in New York for a luncheon hosted by Rodman Wanamaker. Rodman
was the son of John Wanamaker, founder of the Wanamaker’s Department Store. Some
of the amateurs present that day were Francis Quimet, A.W. Tillinghast and John
G. Anderson. Wanamaker’s imported golf equipment from Great Britain and sold it
at retail to the public in their stores and wholesale to the golf professionals.
The Wanamaker family thought that if they could help organize the golf
professionals it would aid the growth of golf in America and create more
customers for their company. Rodman Wanamaker offered to provide a trophy for a
PGA Championship and $2,500 towards the purse. Several of
the golf professionals expressed grave concerns as to the success of a national
organization. Even Robert White, who would end up being the first
president of the PGA, thought that it was an unworkable idea. Golf course
architect A.W. Tillinghast and several of the other amateurs offered the opinion
that the professionals would gain respect if they had their own association
rather than depending on the USGA. Up to that time the USGA had been a clearing
house for golf professional and green keeper openings. An amateur named W.W.
Harris suggested dividing the country into several regions where the local
professionals would control the local affairs which would take some of the
burden of management off the national officers. A committee of seven
professionals was formed to draw up tentative by-laws. The chairman was James P.
Hepburn who had held the office of secretary in the British PGA.
Gil Nicholls, the professional at the
Wilmington Country Club, who had been one of the prime movers for a PGA
organization, was on the committee. There were two other pros with Philadelphia
connections on the committee, Jack Hobens and White.
White had been
the pro-green superintendent at the Shawnee Country Club & Buckwood Inn just two
years before in 1914 and Hobens would be the professional at the
Huntingdon Valley Country Club in 1921 when the Philadelphia Section was formed.
The other three members of the committee were Jack Mackie, Herbert Strong
and James Maiden. The professionals in the U.S. had been talking about forming a
national organization since the late 1890s, but now it was finally done. The
professionals in some of the large metropolitan areas had formed associations
but that hadn’t been what was needed.
A founder of the PGA
and the Philadelphia Section
Early that year three pros made a big switch.
James Fraser moved to the
Seaview Country Club from the Great Neck Golf Club on Long Island.
Wilfrid Reid left Seaview for
the Wilmington Country Club and Gil
Nicholls went from Wilmington to Great Neck.
Nicholls had been hired to
remodel and improve the Great Neck course. He also constructed a nine-hole
course there for the exclusive use of the women members.
Whitemarsh Valley Country Club professional Jim
Barnes won the North & South Open on the last Friday of March. The
36-hole tournament was held on Pinehurst Country Club’s #2 Course.
Barnes put together rounds of 71 and 73 (144)
to win the $100 first prize by one stroke. Atlantic City Country Club
professional Alex Hackney (145) and Tom Kerrigan (145) tied for second.
Alex Ross (146) and Mike Brady (146) tied for fourth. Hackney won
an extra $25 for having the low round of the tournament, a 70 in his second
On April 10th the PGA of America was founded.
There were 78 original members and most of the geographical area that would
later make up the Philadelphia Section PGA was a part of the Southeastern
Section PGA. The Southeastern Section included West Virginia, Pennsylvania and
the eastern seaboard states south of New Jersey except Florida. Florida was not
in any PGA Section as the pros working there were only in Florida for the winter
months and were located in one of the PGA Sections during the summer months. The
Southeastern was one of seven PGA Sections. The other six Sections were the
Metropolitan, Middle States, New England, Central, Northwestern and the Pacific.
There were over 500 golf professionals in the United States at that time. Each
Section was required to elect representatives for the PGA’s executive committee,
which totaled 24. The number of representatives that a Section had on the
executive committee was based upon the number of PGA members in that Section.
The executive committee then selected a vice president to represent each
Section. A motion was passed to contact George A. Crump regarding the condition
of John J. McDermott. The meeting was held
at the Hotel Martinique in New York City.
The Southeastern Section had three members on the
PGA Executive committee. They were James R. Thomson,
professional at the Philadelphia Country Club,
Wilfrid Reid and Bill
Byrne professional at the St. Davids Golf Club.
During the first year of the PGA of America Thomson
served as a vice president representing the Southeastern Section PGA. Also on
this PGA Executive Committee were Robert White, Gil Nicholls and Jack
Hobens from the Metropolitan Section and three other professionals with ties
to Philadelphia. Walter G. Fovargue, who had been the professional at the
Philadelphia Country Club in 1902 and 1903, and George L. Fotheringham,
who had been the professional at the Williamsport Country Club in 1914,
represented the Middle States Section. William V. "Willie" Hoare, the
professional at the Philadelphia Cricket Club in 1896 and 1897, represented the
Central Section. Fotheringham and Hoare were vice presidents
representing their Sections. There were four classes of PGA members; Class
"A"--head professionals, Class "B"---unattached professionals, Class
"C"---pro-golf salesmen, and Class "D---assistant professionals. Also there was
Class "E---greenkeepers, and Class "F---honorary members who were associated
with the PGA. To become a member a professional had to serve five years as a
head pro or assistant to a head pro at a recognized golf course. There were 78
charter members. By June 5th there were 217 Class "A" dues paying
In early 1916 the USGA had defined an amateur golfer and had put in print six
violations of the amateur code. The violations were:
- Playing or teaching the game of golf for pay. This includes playing for a
money prize and accepting traveling or living expenses for playing over a
course or for participating in a golf tournament, contest or exhibition.
- Personally making or repairing golf clubs, golf balls, or other golf
articles for pay.
- Serving after reaching the age of 16 as caddie, caddie master, or
greenkeeper for hire.
- Lending one’s name or likeness for the advertisement or sale of anything
except as a dealer, manufacturer, or inventor in the usual course of business.
- Permitting one’s name to be advertised or published for pay as the author
of books or articles on golf of which one is not actually the author.
Accepting or holding any position as agent or employee that includes as part
of its duties the handling of golf supplies; or engaging in any business wherein
one’s usefulness or profits arise because of skill or prominence in the game of
The U.S. Open was played at The Minikahda Club in Minneapolis, Minnesota on
the last two days of June. There were 94 entries and on site qualifying was
held. Everyone had to qualify except the defending champion. Qualifying was held
on Tuesday and Wednesday and each day half the field played for 32 places in the
starting field. Wilfrid Reid qualified with
74-77 for 151 and Clarence Hackney made it with 79-75 for 154. For the
second straight year an amateur won as Chick Evans finished two strokes in front
with a score of 286. His rounds of 70, 69, 74 and 73 edged out Jock
Hutchison, the professional at the Allegheny Country Club in Pittsburgh and
a Southeastern Section member, who came in at 288. Hutchison took home the top
money prize of $300. Jim Barnes finished
third at 290 and Reid tied for fourth at 293
with the pro he had replaced at Wilmington, Gil Nicholls. Hackney
tied for 43rd. Barnes won $150
and Reid won $83.33. The purse had been
increased to $1,200 and ten pros won money.
James R. Thomson
Won 1913 PA Open
PGA of America founder
At the conclusion of the U.S. Open the PGA Executive
Committee met in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The Executive Committee elected
officers. Robert White now at the North Shore Country Club on Long Island
was elected president. White had had considerable experience in the
British PGA before moving to America. The secretary-treasurer was Herbert
Strong. George Fotheringham and James Maiden were vice presidents. There
were now 221 PGA members. James R.
Thomson was still a regional vice president. Other regional vice
presidents were Mike Brady, Willie Hoare, George Sargent and Charles
The Garden City Golf Club hosted the Met Open in mid July.
Jim Barnes and Philmont Country Club’s
professional Charlie Hoffner were tied with
Walter Hagen at the end of regulation play with 15 over-par 307 totals.
Barnes shot a 72 in the final round that tied
the course record and allowed him to catch Hagen. The next day Hagen turned in a
74 to defeat Barnes (75) by one and
Hoffner (77) by three in an 18-hole playoff.
Hagen’s rounds were 77, 79, 78 and 73. Bob MacDonald was next at 309. Country
Club of York professional Emmet French,
driving with an iron on every hole, finished fifth with a 312 total.
Won 1st PGA Championship in 1916
Won 1919 PGA Championship
Won 1921 U.S. Open
Won 1925 British Open
Won 1917 Philadelphia Open
Four days after the Met Open the first official tournament of the newly
formed PGA, the New York Newspaper Open, was held at the Van Cortlandt Park Golf
Course. Jim Barnes won in record fashion
with a 72-hole score of 67, 69, 67 and 73 for a 276. It was thought to be the
lowest 72-hole score in any tournament up to that time.
Barnes’ first prize was $300 and it was paid in
gold. He also received a silver cup for the win. Elmer Loving and Jack Dowling
tied for second with 279s. Bob MacDonald finished fourth at 290. Pat Doyle
and Walter Hagen tied for fifth with 291s. The total purse was just under
In the second week of August the fifth annual Shawnee Open was played. Walter
Hagen took home the $250 first prize with rounds of 75, 75, 75 and 73 for a
total score of 298. Hagen won by a comfortable margin of four strokes over Bob
MacDonald (302). Jim Barnes finished third
in the 56-man field at 304. Emmet French and
Gil Nicholls tied for fourth with 306 totals. Also finishing in the money
was Eagles Mere Country Club professional Lawrence
Loeffler who tied for seventh, as there were eight prizes. The host
professional was Albert Elphick.
A week later at the Western Open near Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Jim Barnes tied for fourth. He finished two
strokes off Walter Hagen’s winning score of 286. Hagen’s four rounds at the Blue
Mound Country Club were 70, 74, 72 and 70. Jock Hutchison and George
Sargent tied for second at 287. Barnes and
George O. Simpson of Chicago, who had a record 66 in the third round, were close
behind at 288 and divided up the last two money places.
Jim Barnes picked up another victory by winning the Connecticut
Open on the last day of August. Barnes
toured the Shennecossett Country Club in 74 strokes in the morning round, which
left him five strokes behind the leader Macdonald Smith.
Barnes came back in the afternoon with a 72 to capture the title
by one stroke. His 146 total edged out Alex Smith (147) and Mike Brady (147).
MacDonald Smith finished fourth at 148. Albert
Elphick (151) finished fifth and
Wilfrid Reid (152) tied for sixth.
The Southeastern PGA and the other six PGA Sections held sectional qualifying
for their first national championship in mid September. The Philadelphia Section
was allotted five places in the starting field of 32. The five places were based
on the number of members in the Section. The pros played for $375 that day which
was the largest purse in the Section that year. At the Wilmington Country Club,
host for the qualifying rounds, Jim Barnes
and Jock Hutchison tied for the medal with 147 totals.
Barnes’ rounds were 72-75 and Hutchison’s
were 73-74. The host professional, Wilfrid Reid
and Emmet French picked up the next two
spots with 149s. James R.
Thomson and Charlie Hoffner tied
for the last spot at 151, which necessitated an 18-hole playoff to determine the
survivor. Thomson won the playoff the next
day with a 75 against a 76 for Hoffner and
Hutchison beat Barnes in a nine-hole
playoff for the medalist prize.
The first championship of the PGA of America was
at the Siwanoy Country Club on Long Island in mid October. There were 31
contestants representing the seven PGA Sections as one of the sectional
qualifiers didn’t show up for the championship. In the finals it was the British
born Jim Barnes versus Scottish born Jock
Hutchison. Barnes and
Hutchison who had tied for the medal at the Section qualifying tournament
opposed each other again. It was just as close this time as they came to the
last hole all even. Both players were short of the green with their second shots
and they both chipped to within five feet of the hole. A measurement was needed
to determine who was away and Barnes was
one-inch closer. Hutchison missed his putt and
Barnes holed his to become the
first PGA of America champion. All the matches were scheduled for 36 holes.
Barnes took home $500 from the
$2,580 purse and a diamond medal. His name was engraved on the Wanamaker Trophy
that had been donated by the Wanamaker’s Department Store. There was also a gold
medal for the runner up and two silver medals for the losers in the semifinals.
Wilfrid Reid and
James R. Thomson lost in the
first round. Reid lost to J.J.
O’Brien one-down and Thomson
was beaten 7&6 by Walter Hagen. Emmet
French won his first round match by defeating Eddie Towns 3&1.
French then lost in the second
round to Jack Dowling on the 37th hole.
Thomson each won $50.
French picked up a $60 check for
making it to the second round. In
Barnes’ march to the finals he put together an impressive list of
victories by beating George Fotheringham 8&7, Alex Smith 8&7, Tom
Kerrigan 2&1 and Willie Macfarlane 6&5. Each contestant received a medal as well
as the money. More than 10,000 spectators witnessed the week’s matches. At the
conclusion of the tournament the host club put on a dinner for all of the
contestants and the PGA officers. The Wanamakers paid the travel expenses for
all of the entrants that qualified for the tournament.
Three days after the PGA the Pennsylvania Open was held at the Allegheny
Country Club in Pittsburgh. Forty professionals from all over the country were
entered. Jock Hutchison, the host professional got a little revenge over
Jim Barnes by winning the title
and the $150 first prize check with rounds of 73 and 75 for 148. Amateur J.B.
Crookston finished second at 149 and Bob MacDonald was next with a 150.
Barnes led after the a.m. round with a 72
but faded in the afternoon round to finish in a four-way tie for fourth with
Charles Rowe, Jock Burgess and J.J. O’Brien. They split up $125.
Two days after the Pennsylvania Open James Fraser
won the Philadelphia Open at the Philmont Country Club. At that time
Philmont had only one 18-hole course, which was later called the South Course.
Fraser was playing in his first tournament
since moving to Seaview from Long Island. He was the father of
Leo Fraser, future president of the
Philadelphia Section PGA and the PGA of America. The first round was rained out
and the two-day tournament was shortened to 54 holes. His sixteen over par 75,
75 and 76 for 226 finished one stroke ahead of three other pros. Tied for second
were the host pro Charlie Hoffner (227)
Peter O’Hara from the Pittsburgh Field Club (227) and
James Starr (227). Starr was the
professional at the Haddon Country Club, which later became the Tavistock
Country Club at a site nearby. Jim Barnes
tied for fifth at 229. First prize was $160 as six professionals received
checks. The purse totaled $400.
PGA of America founder
Philadelphia PGA founder
On the fifth Monday of November the PGA picked
Whitemarsh Valley Country Club as their choice for the site of the 1917 U.S.
Open. At that time the USGA asked the PGA to select the U.S. Open course
and they usually adhered to that unless something unusual came up at their
annual meeting in January. The USGA did say that the tournament should be in the
east since it had been held in Minnesota that year. The vote was taken during a
meeting of the PGA Executive Committee that was held at the Hotel Martinique in
New York. The PGA President, Robert White, and eight other members were
in attendance. Three of those; Bill
Byrne, Wilfrid Reid and James
R. Thomson, were members of the Southeastern PGA and employed in the
Philadelphia area. Even though there were nine members present the vote was 4 to
1 in favor of Whitemarsh Valley.
If the PGA had had a player of the year award Jim
Barnes would have won it. His scoring average of 74.08 led
all the tournament players. In the 12 tournaments that he entered he won five,
finished second twice, third three times and fourth twice.
1917 - At the USGA annual meeting in January the delegates decided
against the PGA’s recommendation to hold the U.S. Open at Whitemarsh Valley
Country Club. Because the U.S. Amateur was being played at Oakmont Country Club
and the Women’s Amateur was at the Shawnee Country Club the delegates felt like
the USGA’s three most important tournaments should not all be played in same
state in any one year. Boston’s Brae Burn Country Club, which had been the
second choice of the pros, was selected.
Due to World War I many tournaments were canceled during 1917 and 1918
including the PGA Championship, the U.S. Open and the Pennsylvania Open. The
golfers devoted their competitive efforts to playing exhibitions for charities
like the Red Cross. Three professionals, Jim Barnes,
Gil Nicholls and Wilfrid Reid, all of
who had been born in the British Isles, were among the most active fund-raisers.
At a meeting of the PGA Executive Committee on the second Monday in April a
permanent constitution was adopted. It was based on the by-laws of the British
PGA. The PGA had taken over from the USGA the work of finding professionals for
the clubs and clubs for professionals. The officers were all reelected for a
second term. Robert White was elected president and Herbert Strong was
reelected secretary-treasurer. The vice presidents were George Fotheringham
and James Maiden. There were now almost 400 members. The meeting was held at
the Hotel Martinique in New York City.
Now that the country was at war the USGA officers and the officials of
several other sports organizations met at the Racquet and Tennis Club in New
York on April 19 to discuss the future of their championships. A possible draft
of the American youth was a distinct possibility. That evening the newspapers
reported that the USGA was canceling its championships for the year.
With the cancellation of the U.S. Open, which was scheduled for Boston’s Brae
Burn Country Club, the USGA decided to sponsor a substitute tournament. On May
21 Howard W. Perrin, the president of the USGA and a member of several golf
clubs in Philadelphia, announced that a substitute for the U.S. Open which was
to be called the Patriotic Open would be held at the Whitemarsh Valley Country
Club in June.
Won the 1917 Shawnee Open
Lost a playoff for the PA Open
The Patriotic Open was played at the Whitemarsh
Valley Country Club in the third week of June. The USGA decided that the pros
would pay an entry fee of $5 as usual but play for pride and patriotism instead
of prize money. The $5,000 purse was donated to the Red Cross. The golfers in
New England were not happy about losing the championship but could not complain
lest they might sound unpatriotic. For the first time spectators were charged an
admission fee, which raised the $5,000 and this also established the practice of
paying to see a golf tournament. Many thought that the pros would not show up to
play only for pride, but it was the leading amateurs who did not enter. The
press mentioned that some amateurs were conspicuous by their absence. The
tournament drew an entry of nearly 100 pros and a few amateurs. All but three of
the country’s leading professionals entered. One of the three who weren’t in the
field was Walter Hagen who was a day late for his starting time and asked to be
allowed to play 36-holes on the second day to make up for missing the first day.
The USGA was going to let Hagen start a day late but the pros protested. In the
first round the scorer for the host professional Jim
Barnes had put Barnes down for
one more stroke than he had scored on the fifth hole. After
Barnes had completed his round
he realized the error but the USGA wouldn’t change the score, as it was then two
hours after he had finished. The pros said that if the committee was going to
hold to the strict letter of the rules in regards to
Barnes then it should be the
same for Hagen. Hagen did not play. Thirty-five professionals from the
Philadelphia area were entered. Jock Hutchison finished first seven strokes in
front of Tom McNamara (299) with rounds of 76, 73, 71 and 72 for a four-over-par
292. The Philadelphia Cricket Club’s professional
Eddie Loos finished third with a
303 total and West Virginia’s Alex Cunningham was next at 304. In
spite of his earlier problems Barnes
finished fifth with a 307 total. Clarence Hackney tied for sixth with
Elmer Loving at 308. The top ten, which would have received money prizes, were
given framed certificates and Hutchison also received a gold medal from the Red
Cross. James R. Thomson,
Charlie Hoffner, Emmet
French, Wilfrid Reid, Old York Road
Country Club professional Jack Campbell,
The Springhaven Golf Club professional
Andy Campbell, Bucks County
Marasco, Bon Air Country Club professional
Donald Morrison, Lansdowne
Country Club professional John Edmundson,
Huntingdon Valley Country Club professional
Whitemarsh Valley assistant Guy
Martin, Stenton Country Club professional
Joseph Seka, Overbrook Golf Club
professional Jimmy Dougherty,
Riverton Country Club professional
Duncan Cuthbert, Sunnybrook Golf Club professional
James Gullane, Woodbury Country
Club professional Harry Jervis
and Lancaster Country Club professional
Jack Jones made the cut and
played the 72 holes.
The PGA of America held its first annual meeting at the Englewood Golf Club
in Englewood, New Jersey on the fourth Monday of July. Robert White was
reelected president and Herbert Strong was reelected secretary-treasurer. Jack
Mackie was elected vice president. Wilfrid Reid,
Jack Hobens and George Simpson were regional vice presidents. George
Fotheringham and Jack Jolly were selected to rent an office for the PGA in
New York City and hire a suitable person to take charge of the office under the
guidance of the secretary. The office rent and the person’s salary were not to
exceed $1,800. An office was rented at 366 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY.
In late July the leading tournament players in the country came to the New
York area for a four-day benefit for the PGA’s War Relief Fund. Most of the
leading pros like Jim Barnes, Gil
Nicholls, Walter Hagen, Jock Hutchison, and some of the best amateurs
including Bobby Jones were there. Barnes,
Wilfrid Reid, Emmet French,
Charlie Hoffner, and
Eddie Loos were there from the Philadelphia
area. Also on the homebred team was Jack Burke, Sr. The first day they
played a 36-hole individual stroke play event at the Englewood Golf Club. The
next three days were devoted to team matches at the Baltusrol Golf Club, the
Sivanoy Country Club and the Garden City Golf Club. There were four 12-man teams
made up of amateurs, homebred pros, Scotland born pros, and pros that had been
born in England. The teams took turns playing each other at Baltusrol, Sivanoy,
and Garden City. The homebred pros won by a large margin and the PGA raised
$4,000 for the Red Cross.
Eddie Loos won the Shawnee Open in the second week of August.
Loos opened up with a 69 and tacked on a 74
in the afternoon of the first day. The next day Loos
shot a 75 and a 72 for a two-over-par 290 that gave him a seven-stroke victory
over Emmet French (297). Walter Hagen
finished third at 298, one stroke in front of Willie Macfarlane (299). The win
earned Loos a check for $250 plus $25 for
the tournament’s low round and a gold medal. The total purse came to $625.
French took home a silver medal and $150.
Jim Barnes finished fifth at 300. Gil
Nicholls (303) won last money as eight places were paid.
Charlie Hoffner (306) finished ninth and
Wilfrid Reid (307) finished tenth. The host
professional was Albert Elphick.
A one-day 36-hole tournament was held at the Westmoreland Country Club near
Chicago the day before the Western Open began in mid September.
Eddie Loos posted a 74 and a 72 for a 146 to
edge out a field comprised of most of the players that were entered in the
Western Open by one stroke. Next was Bob MacDonald with a 147. Leo Diegel
and Jock Hutchison tied for third with 148s. First prize was $125 and twelve
players won checks.
When the Western Open began at Westmoreland it was
Jim Barnes winning another major with a record five-under-par 283. He
opened the tournament with a record 67 and added rounds of 71-74-71 as he nosed
out Walter Hagen (285) by two strokes. Jock Hutchison finished third at 286 and
Emmet French was next with a 292 as five
pros received checks. First prize was $300 and French
won $75. Something new was done for the first time in a major tournament.
Only one round was played on the first and second day instead of playing
36-holes each day.
Late in September Jim Barnes
picked up another title as he won the
Philadelphia Open on the Merion Cricket Club’s East Course. His two-day, 72-hole
26-over-par 306 score, won by five strokes and he received a check for $160.
Barnes’ rounds were 79, 76, 76 and 75.
(311) finished second two strokes ahead of
(313) who won third money. Tom McNamara finished fourth at 317. The total prize
money came to $400 and there were six money prizes.
On the third Sunday of October four of Philadelphia’s leading golf
professionals played a 36-hole exhibition
at the Huntingdon Valley Country Club for the
Soldiers’ Tobacco Fund. They teed off at 10 a.m. for the first 18. and after
lunch the second round began at 2 p.m.
and the host professional
Eddie Loos. Cuthbert
got his team off to a fast start by making pars on the
first four holes to take a 4-up lead. After that start
did the rest. They led by four holes at the end of 18
and were never challenged winning by 5&3.
The professional at the Wyoming Valley Country Club,
James Milligan, had come to the U.S. from Scotland in 1909.
Sometime during 1916 Milligan learned that
his two brothers had been killed in the war and he decided to return home to be
with his mother. The next thing they heard at Wyoming Valley was that
Milligan had joined the Royal Scots army and
been killed in the war.
World War I canceled two more golf tournaments,
the Shawnee Open and the Western Open. The United States government’s Fuel
Administrator H.A. Garfield notified the USGA that all golf clubs should stop
using coal to heat their clubhouses. Unless they could stay open without burning
coal they should close their doors completely until spring.
Emmet French won the Georgia Open on the third Friday of February.
His rounds for the one-day event at the Augusta Country Club were 72 and 81 for
153. French’s 72 was a course record. Pat
Doyle, George Fotheringham and Cyril Walker tied for second with 154s.
In the first week of March Jim Barnes won
the Florida Open in Deland. Barnes (283) led
from wire to wire to win by eight strokes over Eddie
Loos (291). Barnes’ four rounds
were 70, 71, 69 and 73. Three of his 18-hole scores were low for that round and
it was said that this was the strongest field in the history of the tournament.
Jock Hutchison was next at 294. Jack Croke and Fred Miley tied for fourth with
Jim Barnes won the Florida East Coast Open at the Ponce De Leon
Golf Club, St. Augustine in mid March. He nipped Walter Hagen (301) by one
stroke with two-day totals of 146 and 153 for 300. The second day was played in
heavy wind and rain. Pat Doyle finished third at 307. The golf course had
recently been redesigned by Donald Ross. Eddie Loos
tied for fourth with Jock Hutchison at 308.
Right after the Florida East Coast Open Jim
Barnes announced that he was leaving the Whitemarsh Valley Country
Club. He was moving to Colorado to be the professional at a new golf course, the
Broadmoor Golf Club that had been designed by Donald Ross. At that time he was
thought to be the finest professional player in the United States.
Barnes stated that the Broadmoor position would
pay him twice what he was making at Whitemarsh so he accepted the offer without
asking the officers of Whitemarsh Valley if they would like to make a counter
offer. The Atlanta Constitution reported that the Broadmoor contract was for
$15,000 a year. At that time Barnes also held the head professional position at
the Palma Ceia Golf Club in Tampa, Florida in the winter. At first the members
of Whitemarsh Valley were offended that he had left so abruptly because they
felt that their club members had treated him very well. They soon decided that
they might be better off if they had a professional who would confine his time
and efforts to club making, club repairing and teaching. On April 1st
Morrie Talman left the Plymouth Country Club
and succeeded Barnes at Whitemarsh
Valley. Talman held the job for 41
The Huntingdon Valley Country Club at Noble hosted 47 professionals and
amateurs for the Philadelphia Open in late August. The Golf Association of
Philadelphia canceled out the first day of the two-day event even though all the
players completed the morning round and some finished the afternoon round before
rain made the course unplayable. The tournament was rescheduled for Friday and
Saturday but the pros protested saying that they needed to be at their clubs on
Saturday. The committee put it to a vote and the event was shortened to 36
holes. Pat Doyle from Deal, New Jersey and Arthur Reid,
Wilfrid’s brother from New York, tied for the
title with 150 totals. Doyle’s rounds were a pair of 75s and Reid’s were
76 and 74. They were declared co-champions, each receiving $130. Doyle
was later the professional at the Linwood Country Club. Clarence Hackney
finished third and the former U.S. Open champion, Washington D.C.’s Fred
McLeod, won the fourth money. Emmet French
tied for fifth. Wilfrid Reid received a
$50 consolation check from the GAP for having the lowest score of those
professionals that completed the full 72-holes. Other than
Wilfrid Reid’s check the purse totaled $390.
The second annual meeting of the PGA of America was held at the Martinique Hotel in New York City on the first Monday of November. President
Robert White and Secretary-Treasurer Herbert Strong were reelected. Jack Mackie and George Sargent were elected as vice presidents.
Jack Hobens and James Maiden were regional vice presidents.
The second annual meeting of the PGA of America was held at the Martinique
Hotel in New York City on the first Monday of November. President Robert
White and Secretary-Treasurer Herbert Strong were reelected. Jack Mackie and
George Sargent were elected as vice presidents. Wilfrid
Reid, Jack Hobens and James Maiden were regional vice presidents.
In mid November Atlantic City Country Club and Clarence Hackney hosted
a 36-hole exhibition for the War-Fund. Twelve pros and one amateur played for a
gold medal. $1,500 was raised for the war effort. Alex Campbell, brother of
Jack and Andy Campbell
and the professional at the Country Club of Baltimore won the medal.
1919 - The PGA of America held its third annual meeting on the second
Monday of June. The meeting was held at the Copley Square Hotel in Boston,
Massachusetts, which was near where the U.S. Open was being played that week.
Jack Mackie was elected president and Alex Pirie was elected
secretary-treasurer. Jack Hobens and George Sargent were elected vice
presidents. Wilfrid Reid, Isaac Mackie and
Charles Burgess were elected regional vice presidents.
International Captain 1921
Runner Up in 1922 PGA
Won 2 Philadelphia Opens
Won Pennsylvania Open
Walter Hagen won the first U.S. Open after a
two-year cancellation due to World War I but he had to win an 18-hole playoff to
earn the victory. The tournament was held in the second week of June at the Brae
Burn Country Club near Boston, Massachusetts. The Open had been scheduled for
Brae Burn in 1917, but it had been canceled due to World War I. Hagen tied with
Mike Brady at 301 and won the playoff with a 77 against Brady’s 78. Hagen’s
rounds were 78, 73, 75, 75 and Brady’s were 74, 74, 73 and 80. First prize was
now $500. Jock Hutchison and Tom McNamara tied for third at 306. There were 142
entries and qualifying was dispensed with to welcome the contestants back to the
tournament. There was a cut after 36 holes. Twenty-two year old
Charlie Hoffner led the first round with a
72 and stayed in close contention for three rounds but a last round 89 cost him
an opportunity to finish high up in the money.
(316) ended up
tied for 13th with Clarence Hackney (316), fifteen strokes off
the winning score. Wilfrid Reid
(320) tied for 21st, Bill
Robinson (324), now the head professional at
the Philadelphia Cricket Club, tied for 32nd, and
Emmet French (325) tied for 34th.
Tredyffrin Country Club assistant James
Sheppard, Jr. and Morrie
Talman missed the cut.
The Met Open was at the North Shore Country Club on Long Island in the second
week of July. Charlie Hoffner held a
one-stroke lead over Emmet French at the end
of the first day with a 145. Walter Hagen came back the second day to finish at
294 and win his second straight Met Open. Hagen’s rounds were 76, 75, 72 and 71
as he finished three strokes ahead of French
(297) and five in front of Hoffner (299).
Willie Macfarlane finished fourth at 302. Hagen won $250,
French $125, and
Hoffner $100. Clarence Hackney (304), Pat Doyle (304),
Wilfrid Reid (306) and George
Fotheringham (306) were also in the top nine and the money. Hagen won $250
and a gold medal.
The Section’s qualifying site for the PGA Championship was in Maryland at the
Columbia Country Club. Qualifying was held in early July. Again each of the
country’s seven Section’s allotted representation in the 32-man starting field
was based on the number of members in the Section. The pros outside New York
didn’t like the system since the Metropolitan Section, which had quite a few
members who were caddy-masters and club makers and not players, had 12 spots.
The Southeastern Section had three places. Everyone had to qualify including
Jim Barnes the defending champion, now
employed in St. Louis. The host pro Fred McLeod led the qualifying with a
70 and a 71 for 141, one stroke in front of Emmet
French (142). Atlanta’s J. Douglas Edgar posted a 150 and edged out
Wilfrid Reid (151) and Richmond’s Harry
Hampton (151) for the third spot by one stroke. As it turned out,
Wilfrid Reid and Harry Hampton got into
the PGA Championship as alternates, because the Pacific Section that had two
places didn’t send any players. As the medallist, McLeod was awarded a
After an interruption of one year for World War I Jim Barnes won a
second straight Western Open. The tournament was held near Cleveland in mid July
at the 6,260 yard Mayfield Country Club. Barnes opened up with a course
record 69 the first day and came back with a 70 the second day to lead by four
strokes. The field was cut to the low 65 players and ties after 36 holes. On the
third day Barnes turned in a 73 and a 71 for 283 and a three shot win
over 20-year-old Leo Diegel (286). Jock Hutchison was next with a
287 and Fred McLeod tied Otto Hackbarth for fourth at 288. First prize
One week after the Western Open Jim Barnes returned to the
Philadelphia region to win the seventh annual Shawnee Open as he outclassed
another strong field. He began with a pair of 72s the first day, went around in
74 the next morning and finished up with a final round of six-under-par 67. The
67 set a new course record and was only the third score ever shot below 70 at
Shawnee in a tournament. Barnes’ seven-under-par 285 total was eight
strokes ahead of second place Mike Brady (293). Barnes collected $350 and
a gold medal for his win. Others at the top of the money list were
Emmet French (3rd at 298); Gil
Nicholls (4th at 301), Charlie Hoffner
(5th at 304) and Wilfrid Reid
(305) tied for 6th. The host professional was
The Philadelphia Open was at the Whitemarsh Valley Country Club in late
August. Emmet French, who had made a
habit of finishing second or third in big tournaments, came through with a win
in the two-day event. His 22-over-par total of 306 won by six strokes, as the
host club’s professional Morrie Talman (312)
finished second. French’s rounds were 78,
72, 78 and 78. The co-champion from the previous year, Pat Doyle, was
next at 313 and Tom McNamara finished two shots higher in fourth place with a
315. First prize was $160 and a gold medal. The last two checks went to Llanerch
Country Club professional John Edmundson,
who tied for fifth with amateur Norman Maxwell at 316 and
Charlie Hoffner (317) who finished
seventh. The total purse was $475.
In mid September the tournament players were back at the Whitemarsh Valley
Country Club for the Pennsylvania Open and Charlie
Hoffner won with 77-75 for a ten-over-par 152. He finished six
strokes ahead of amateur John Beadle (158) winning the $100 first
prize. The Pennsylvania State Golf Association questioned Beadle’s
amateur status. They had been told that Beadle, now 19 had caddied in
1916 after his 16th birthday. At that time the USGA rule was that anyone who
caddied after his 16th birthday was a professional. The State Golf Association
had thought he was now 21. Beadle provided them with a letter proving
that his last caddying job was before his 16th birthday. This was
important to Beadle since the state amateur championship was starting the
next day at Whitemarsh Valley. Beadle became the head
professional at the Paxon Hollow Golf Club several years after that. Another
amateur, Max Marston, finished third at 160 and amateur Norman Maxwell was next
at 161. James R. Thomson and
Bill Leach, professional at the
Merchantville Country Club, tied at 162 and split the second and third
money, winning $40 apiece.
At the same time the Pennsylvania Open was being played the PGA Championship
was renewed at the brand new Engineers Country Club on Long Island after a
two-year break for the war. The construction of the course had just been
completed the previous fall. The big news was that Walter Hagen, the U.S. Open
champion, wasn’t in the field since he had failed to appear for his Section’s
qualifying rounds in Chicago. Just like 1916 a Scot opposed an Englishman in the
final match. Jim Barnes the tallest man in the field and born in
England opposed Fred McLeod the shortest man in the field who had been
born in Scotland. Barnes won the 36-hole final 6 & 5 to retain the title
he had won in 1916. Barnes won $500 and a diamond medal. There was also a
gold medal for the runner up and two silver medals for the losers in the
semifinals. The total prize money was the same as 1916. All 32 pros that started
in the championship won money with the first round losers receiving $50 each.
Wilfrid Reid won one match defeating Pat
Doyle one-down and he then lost his next match to James West 2&1.
Emmet French defeated Clarence Hackney,
who was a member of the Metropolitan Section, 7&6 in the first
round and Tom Kerrigan by 2-down in the second round match to reach the
quarter-finals. French then lost to
Barnes by 3&2. Reid won $60 for reaching
the second round and French earned $75 for
getting to the quarter-finals. In the semifinals Barnes eliminated Bob
MacDonald by the count of 5&4 and McLeod defeated George McLean 3&2. All
five rounds of matches were 36 holes.
At the end of the year Walter Hagen was ranked #1 on the PGA Tour and
Emmet French was in the top ten with an
eighth place ranking. French had won the
Philadelphia Open, finished second at the Met Open, third at Shawnee, and
reached the quarterfinals in the PGA. Charlie Hoffner
was ranked eleventh.
1920 - The first issue of "The
Professional Golfer of America" magazine was published. The magazine contained
pertinent information for the golf professional and sent monthly to the PGA
members. In 1977 the magazine was renamed "PGA Magazine".
In May "The American Golfer" reported that were 1,777,400 golfers in the
world playing on 5,258 courses in 80 countries. Only 200,000 of them played on
public courses. The United States was the leader in clubs with 2,700 and
memberships with 525,000.
The title and most of the prize money left the Philadelphia area as Frank
McNamara from Long Island, New York won the Philadelphia Open. Played at the
Atlantic City Country Club in the second week on June, the tournament was again
72 holes over two days. Frank McNamara’s six-over-par 75, 75, 72 and 72 for 294
finished five strokes ahead of Staten Island, New York’s George Fotheringham
(299) who had won the South African Open five times. Frank McNamara’s
brother Tom, a two-time winner of the tournament, tied Irish Open champion Pat
O’Hara for third at 300. The host professional Clarence Hackney (303) led
the Philadelphia area pros with a fifth place finish and Fred McLeod
(304) finished sixth and won last money. Charlie
Hoffner won $25 for shooting the low round the second day, a 71. He
The Pennsylvania Open was played on the last day of June at the Oakmont
Country Club near Pittsburgh. Oakmont’s green superintendent Emil "Dutch’
Loeffler won by ten strokes with a two-over-par score of 150. Loeffler put
together rounds of 77 and 73 for his first tournament victory. There was a
three-way tie for second. Charles Rowe, the professional at Oakmont, Fred Brand,
the professional at the Allegheny Country Club and S. Davidson Harrison the
national amateur champion were all at 160. Eastern Pennsylvania was not well
represented and no professional from the east finished in the top ten.
The British Open on again after being shut down for five years due to World
War I. The tournament was held at the Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club in Deal,
England on the last day of June and the first day of July. The first day George
Duncan shot a pair of 80s the first day and trailed the leader by 13 strokes.
The next day Duncan 71 and a 72, which was seven strokes better than anyone else
could put together that day. Duncan’s 303 total won the title by two strokes.
Sandy Herd finished second at 305. Ted Ray (306) and Abe Mitchell (307) finished
third and fourth. Jim Barnes (309) finished sixth. Duncan was the brother
of Alex Duncan, who was the professional at the Philadelphia Cricket Club
from 1911 to 1916 and 1925 to 1946. Duncan was president of the
Philadelphia Section in 1931 and 1932.
The professionals had begun to question the number and the arraignment of the
Sections. Many members found that it did not make sense to take part in their
championship qualifying rounds because of the long distances they had to travel.
As an example it took 24 hours to drive from Atlanta to Philadelphia. In mid
July qualifying for the PGA Championship was held
at the Philmont Country Club. At that time Philmont had only one course, which
was later called the South Course. The time and location was because the
tournament players were in the area for the Shawnee Open. Atlanta’s J. Douglas
Edgar, who had won the Canadian Open championship in 1919, led the scoring with
73 and a 74 for 147. Edgar went on to win the Canadian Open again in late August
that year. The other three spots went to Richmond’s Harry Hampton with a
150, the host professional Charlie Hoffner
at 151 and Merion Cricket Club professional George
Sayers who posted a 153. There was a downpour in the morning, which
caused a two-hour stoppage of play.
The next week in July Jim Barnes, just back from a sixth place
finish in the British Open, won his second straight Shawnee Open. He won out
over a very strong field by six strokes taking away $500. Barnes had two
72’s the first day and a 71 and a 72 the second day for a five-under-par 287
total. England’s Ted Ray finished second with a 293. Harry Vardon had to skip
the tournament due to a swollen thumb, which he injured during a pillow fight
during the transatlantic voyage. Vardon and Ray were scheduled for 200
exhibition rounds during their time in the states that summer. The tournament
purse was $1,000 with extra bonuses for Vardon and Ray. Harry Hampton and
Pat O’Hara tied for third with 297s. The low Philadelphia area player was
Bill Leach. Leach
finished eleven strokes behind the leader with a 298 and for finishing fifth he
won one of the seven cash prizes. Wilfrid Reid,
Clarence Hackney and Jimmy Dougherty
tied for 12th with 304 totals. The host professional was
Walter Hagen won the Met Open at the end of July by beating Jim Barnes
in an 18-hole playoff at the Greenwich Country Club in Connecticut. The two pros
had deadlocked with 292s. In the playoff Hagen was around in 70 strokes versus a
74 for Barnes. Hagen’s tournament rounds were 71, 77, 69 and 75 for 292.
J. Douglas Edgar finished third at 296 and Willie Macfarlane was next at 297.
Charlie Hoffner tied for fifth with a score
of 300, eight strokes off the winning pace. Wilfrid
Reid (302) and Emmet French, who was now
the professional in Ohio at the Youngstown Country Club (302), tied for eighth
and last money.
In the first week of August the Western Open was held at the Olympia Fields
Country Club near Chicago with 100 starters. Clarence Hackney finished
second one stroke behind the winner Jock Hutchison. Hutchison’s rounds were 72,
73, 71 and 80 for 286. On the 72nd hole
Hackney had to play backwards out of a
gopher hole in the fairway but he still got his par 4. He tied with
Jim Barnes, who three-putted the last green from 18-feet, and
Harry Hampton with 297 totals. Eddie Loos, now in Chicago, finished
The PGA of America’s fourth annual meeting was held in Toledo, Ohio at the
Secor Hotel on the second Monday of August. Three days later the U.S. Open was
being played in Toledo. Jack Mackie was elected president and Alex Pirie was
reelected secretary-treasurer. Wilfrid Reid
and George McLean were elected vice presidents. Jack Hobens, George
Fotheringham, Jack Mackie, Willie Ogg and Herbert Strong were regional vice
presidents. It was decided to exempt PGA champion from having to qualify for
future PGA Championships. Also for the 1921 PGA Championship the top 31 PGA
members in the 1921 U.S. Open would be the qualifiers for the PGA Championship.
The dues were raised to $25.
The U.S. Open was played in mid August at the Inverness Club in Toledo, Ohio.
The tournament had a record number of entries, 265. 254 players showed up to
qualify for 64 places and were sent off in twos at four-minute intervals. The
first players started at 6:56 AM and the last ones putted out at 8:50 PM. A
number of players dropped out before the second day of qualifying. At the end of
day two a score of 157 had qualified as the low 64 and ties made it into the
starting field. From the eleven Philadelphia area professionals who were entered
only Wilfrid Reid with 78-72 for 150 and
Clarence Hackney with 79-74 for 154 had passed the test. Jack
Burke, Sr., who had grown up caddying at the Philadelphia Country Club,
finished tied for second. He was now working in St. Paul, Minnesota. Burke
(296) tied with future Section member Leo Diegel (296), Harry Vardon
(296) and Jock Hutchison (296) just one stroke behind the winner Ted Ray’s 295
score. Ray put together rounds of 74, 73, 73 and 75. First prize was $500.
Hackney (316) finished twelfth winning $65 and Reid
(321) tied for 56th.
The PGA Championship was held the week after the U.S. Open at the Flossmoor
Country Club in Chicago. Clarence Hackney
ended Jim Barnes hopes of winning a third straight PGA
Championship as he defeated him in the second round by 5 & 4. Hackney
then lost in the next round, the quarterfinals, to Harry Hampton, who
would be his assistant in 1927, by 4&3. Hackney had qualified for the
championship as a member of the Metropolitan Section. Most of the pros in New
Jersey were in the Metropolitan PGA Section at that time. Jock Hutchison, now
the pro at the Glen View Golf Club in Chicago won the title. He defeated J.
Douglas Edgar, who had been the medalist at Philmont in July, one-down in the
finals. In the semifinals Hutchison defeated Hampton 4&3 and Edgar
eliminated George McLean by 8&7. George Sayers
lost in the first round to McLean 6&5 and
Charlie Hoffner lost in the first round to Laurie Ayton on the 39th
hole. Sayers and
Hoffner received checks for $50.
On September 1st the USGA came out with some changes to their
rules. These changes concerned the amateur status, lost ball penalty,
standardized ball, and the stymie. Anyone who had been a professional for five
years could not be reinstated as an amateur. The lost ball penalty would be
stroke and distance like it was for out of bounds and unplayable lies and they
clarified the stymie rule. The ball could not be greater than 1.62 ounces and
not less than 1.62 inches in diameter. The USGA stated that it would take
whatever steps it considered necessary to limit the ball in regard to distance.
The first of many East Falls Opens was held on the Philadelphia Country
Club’s course at Bala on the second Monday in September. The idea of the
tournament was to put on a competition for golfers who had gotten their start as
caddies at the Philadelphia Country Club and were from the East Falls section of
Philadelphia. Bill Leach, a graduate of
those caddy ranks, won that first tournament with rounds of 80-79 for 159.
Another graduate of "the falls" and the professional at the Torresdale-Frankford
Country Club, Jack Sawyer (160) finished
second. After that first year the committee began inviting other pros that had
worked at the Country Club as caddies or pros and other good players.
Leach would go on to win three more East Falls
Opens and Charlie Hoffner, who won the
second one, would win three times. The tournament continued on through the 1930s
with pros and amateurs competing. After that it became a tournament for amateurs
and it reverted to inviting players who did or had lived in East Falls. It was
still being contested even after the turn of the century in the early 2000s.
In mid December the Executive Committee of the PGA met in New York. The
committee consisted of the president, the secretary and five vice presidents. A
vice president at large from the Southeastern Section was
Jack Hobens the new professional at the Huntingdon Valley Country
Club. The committee put together a list of 30 professionals from which a team of
twelve would be selected to travel to Scotland to play a team match against the
British professionals that next June.
1921 - Jock Hutchison
won the North and South Open at Pinehurst, North Carolina in early April. The
contestants played 36 holes each day of the two-day tournament. Hutchison
put together rounds of 75, 69, 71 and 76. His 291 total won by four strokes over
George Fotheringham (295) and Fred McLeod (295). Hutchison
and Fotheringham were tied at the end of the first day and were paired
together the second day. Hutchison picked up a stroke on Fotheringham
in the morning round. They both faltered in the afternoon round but no one
was able to challenge them. Peter O’Hara finished fourth at 296. Joe
Kirkwood, Sr., who was visiting the United States for the first time, played
in the tournament. It was there that he met Walter Hagen for the first time as
they were paired together all four rounds. During the tournament Kirkwood
put on his trick shot show and Hagen realized that they would make a great team.
A forerunner to the Ryder Cup was played on the Kings Course of Gleneagles
Golf Club in Perthshire, Scotland on the first Monday of June. A team of twelve
professionals from the United States opposed a team of professionals from Great
Britain. The professional had to be born in the United States or be a
naturalized citizen to play on the team. Five members of the U.S. team,
Wilfrid Reid, Clarence Hackney, Jim Barnes and Emmet
French were from the Philadelphia area or had been employed there. Jock
Hutchison, J. Douglas Edgar and Fred McLeod, who were also members of
the Southeastern PGA Section, were on the team. Reid,
Hackney, Barnes, Hutchison and McLeod were returning to their
homeland as they had been born in the British Isles. French was the
captain of the team. The other members of the American team were Walter Hagen,
Bill Mehlhorn, George McLean and Tom Kerrigan. Eddie Loos and Harry
Hampton had been selected for the team but they were not able to make the
trip. As it turned out Edgar didn’t play because he wasn’t yet a
naturalized American citizen like Barnes, Reid,
McLeod and Hutchison. Then Barnes didn’t play due to neuritis
so it was ten against ten. The British team was composed of Harry Vardon, Ted
Ray, J. H. Taylor, James Braid, A. G. Havers, Abe Mitchell, James McKenden, Josh
Taylor, J. G. Sherlock and captain, George Duncan. Playing before a gallery of
about 2,000 the home team won 10-1/2 to 4-1/2. The Americans won their only
points in the singles matches as they lost all of the foursomes (alternate
stroke) matches. Hackney, Reid and
French won 2-1/2 of the points.
In the June edition of The Professional Golfer of America magazine PGA
President George Sargent informed the PGA members that a motion to rearrange the
PGA Sections was going to be on the agenda at the national meeting in July. The
motion, if passed, was going to change the PGA into state bodies rather than
Sections, as the PGA was presently constructed.
In the fourth week of June the British Open was held at the Royal & Ancient
Golf Club, St. Andrews, Scotland. All of the entrants had to pass a 36-hole
qualifying test on the Old and Eden courses. In the first round
teed off in a stiff northeast wind on the Old course and posted the low round of
the day on that course, a 73. His score was low by two strokes as Harry Vardon
was next at 75. The next day Hoffner shot an
81 for a total of 154 and a tie for 13th in the qualifying. It was reported that
Hoffner was in several bunkers and lost a number of strokes on the
greens. Jock Hutchison was low at 146 and Jim Barnes was next at
148. Barnes shot a 70 on the Old course, which broke the course record by
one stroke. Hutchison set a new record for the Eden course with a 69.
Clarence Hackney made it through the qualifying with a 158.
Wilfrid Reid failed to qualify by two strokes.
When the tournament got under way one member of the American team helped make up
for the team’s loss to the British earlier in June as Hutchison (296), a
transplanted Scot, won the British Open. In a one-day 36-hole playoff Hutchison
defeated amateur Roger Wethered (296) by putting together a 74 and a 76 for 150
against Wethered’s 77-82 for 159. Hutchison’s tournament rounds were 72, 75, 79
and 70 for 296. Tom Kerrigan finished third at 298 and Arthur Havers was fourth
with a 299. Barnes and Joe Kirkwood, Sr. tied with Walter Hagen
and four other professionals for sixth with 302 totals. Hackney (308)
tied for 23rd and Hoffner (318)
tied for 54th.
The week before the U.S. Open in early July, many of the leading golf pros
were at the Shawnee Country Club & Buckwood Inn for the Shawnee Open. Willie Ogg
from Worcester, Massachusetts won the $550 first prize finishing three strokes
ahead of three other pros with rounds of 71, 74, 77 and 76 for a six-over-par
298 total. Tying for second with 301s were Australia’s Joe Kirkwood, Sr.,
England’s Abe Mitchell and Ireland’s Peter O’Hara who was now working in New
Jersey. Gene Sarazen finished fifth at 302, two strokes in front of Walter
Hagen. There were ten money places and the low pro from the Philadelphia region,
Charlie Hoffner (310), finished out of the
money tying for 13th. The host professional was now
The PGA of America held its fifth annual meeting at the Wardman Park Hotel in
Washington, D.C. on the fourth Friday of July. The U.S. Open had just concluded
that day in nearby Chevy Chase, Maryland. George Sargent was elected president
and Ernest R. Anderson was elected secretary-treasurer.
Wilfrid Reid and George McLean were reelected
vice presidents. Alex Pirie made a motion, which was seconded by Joe Nicol,
stating that "The size of the Sections be reduced to make more workable bodies".
The motion carried. The PGA officers could see that having only seven PGA
Sections for the whole country was unwieldy. Some PGA members in the same
Section were more than 1,000 miles apart. A motion to change the present seven
PGA Sections into state organizations did not pass but the delegates did agree
that smaller Sections were needed. A committee was formed to study the proposal
Hobens was a member of the committee.
Hobens, Willie Ogg and Alex Pirie were regional vice presidents.
The next week in July at the Columbia Country Club in Chevy Chase, Maryland
Jim Barnes added the U.S. Open title to his two PGA victories. Qualifying
for the tournament was held on site over two days. There were 258 entries and
each day one-half of the field played an 18-hole qualifying round. The low 40
and ties each day qualified. Eighteen pros from the Philadelphia area tried to
qualify and seven made it. The ones who made it were Clarence Hackney
(71), Bill Leach (76),
Bob Barnett (77), Tony
Natale (77), Frank Coltart (78),
George Sayers (78) and
Johnny Rowe (78). Barnes put together rounds of 69, 75, 73 and
72 for a 289 that brought him home nine strokes in front of the second place duo
of Walter Hagen (298) and Fred McLeod (298). Amateur Chick Evans finished fourth
at 302. Clarence Hackney (305) led the Philadelphia area pros tying for
eighth. Tredyffrin Country Club professional Barnett
(319) tied for 35th and Leach
(320) finished 37th. Coltart, the
professional at the Philadelphia Country Club and Country Club of Lansdowne
professional Natale also completed the 72
holes. Sayers made the cut but withdrew
after the third round and Rowe withdrew
during the first round. First prize was $500 and Hackney won $72.50.
One week later in July Bob MacDonald won the Met Open at the Sivanoy Country
Club. His 73, 73, 76 and 72 for a 294 total was four ahead of second place Pat
O’Hara (298). Johnny Farrell, Cyril Walker and Fred Canausa tied for third with
301s. The winner picked up $250 and a gold medal.
The Philadelphia Open returned to the Whitemarsh Valley Country Club in early
August. New York’s Willie Macfarlane, who would go on to win the U.S. Open in
1925, won the championship. His two-day 72-hole (73-75-75-71) score of 294, won
by 13 strokes. Whitemarsh Valley member Woody Platt (307) finished second behind
Macfarlane’s ten-over-par total. Jack Campbell
(312), a three-time winner of the tournament, finished third. Two strokes
further back and tied for fourth were Joseph Seka
(314), who was now the professional at the Cedarbrook Country Club and
Matt Duffy (314), who was then serving as
the green superintendent at the Llanerch Country Club. The tournament
drew a record 90 entries. Six players won money.
Walter Hagen won the Western Open in the fourth week of August at the Oakwood
Country Club near Cleveland. Hagen put together rounds of 71, 72, 73 and 71 for
a three over par 287. Jock Hutchison finished second at 292, two strokes in
front of Emmet French (294). Joe Kirkwood, Sr. and amateur Bobby Jones
tied for fourth at 295. There were 170 entries.
On the last day of August the Pennsylvania Open was held at the Merion
Cricket Club. Cyril Walker, who would win the U.S. Open in 1924, won by two
strokes over three other players with a ten-over-par 150. Walker’s rounds for
the one-day tournament were 73 and 77. Tying for second at 152 were the
brothers, Charlie Hoffner and Bala Golf Club
member George Hoffner along with the defending champion Emil Loeffler. Merion
assistant Peter Conti and
Joseph Seka tied
for fifth with 153 totals.
Jim Barnes missed a chance to win a third PGA Championship in late
September at the Inwood Country Club in New York. Barnes lost to Walter
Hagen in the finals by 3 & 2. Hagen was the first American born to win the PGA.
Barnes had defeated Emmet French in the semifinals 5&4 and Hagen
had beaten Cyril Walker 5&4 to reach the finals. First prize was still
$500 and Hagen also received a diamond medal. There was a gold medal for the
runner up and the losers in the semifinals were given silver medals. As there
was no Sectional qualifying the four losers in the quarter-finals received
bronze medals. The field for the championship was selected on a basis of the low
31 professionals from the U.S. Open that year that were eligible and wished to
enter. The PGA members didn’t like that method of selecting the field for their
championship and they let the officers know it. The defending champion Jock
Hutchison was exempt. The starters from the Philadelphia area were
Bill Leach, Bob
Barnett and Clarence Hackney who was still a member of the Met
Section. They all lost in the first round. Leach
lost to Jack Gordon 8&7, Johnny Golden sent Barnett
home by the count of 5&3 and Hackney lost to Barnes 3&2. The purse
was still $2,580 and all the matches were scheduled for 36 holes. The first
round losers each won $50.
Philadelphia Section Founder
St. Mungo Sales Manager
On the first Monday of November the pros in the Philadelphia area put on the
Main Line Open at the Tredyffrin Country Club. In
later years this was considered to be the equivalent of a tour event due to the
quality of the field. Stanley Hern, a pro
golf salesman who managed the St. Mungo Mfg. Company office in Philadelphia,
and the host professional Bob Barnett
were responsible for the success of the tournament that day.
Hern’s company manufactured the Colonel Golf
Ball. Jim Barnes, the holder of the U.S. Open title and now the pro at
the Pelham Country Club in New York, had arrived in Philadelphia for the one day
36-hole tournament the night before, but due to some misinformation he missed
the morning train to Paoli. In those days missing a train to Paoli was a big
problem. When he finally arrived at the golf course it was almost noon.
Barnes quickly changed into his golf shoes, grabbed
Hern, as a playing partner and
scorer. Running part of the way while playing through several threesomes, the
two players completed the round in one hour and forty-five minutes. The gallery
had to cut across from hole to hole in order to keep pace with Barnes and
Hern. Even though he failed
to par either of the last two holes Barnes was around in 72 strokes,
which broke the course record of 73. The score was even more impressive as the
course measured 6,300 yards and there was a stiff icy wind. That year the club
had been offering a prize to anyone who could break the course record in certain
stipulated events. Many nationally know players, including Barnes, had
tried and failed. In his second round Barnes took 77 strokes as he and
Hern played the course in two hours and ten
minutes. Barnes (149) finished five strokes in front of
Charlie Hoffner’s 154. With the help of a
last nine 33 Hoffner shot a 74, which was the low round of the afternoon.
Five pros finished in the money and divided up the $515 in prize money. Bobby
Cruickshank (155) finished third one stroke behind
Hoffner, one stroke in front of
John Edmundson (156) and Pat
Doyle (156) who tied for fourth. Barnes victory was worth $200 plus
$25 for the low round in the morning.
In reply to the members’ concerns about the size of the PGA Sections, a
committee had been formed to address the problem. Jack
Hobens and the committee had been meeting. The rearrangement of the
Sections took quite a bit of time and deliberation. There was a strong move to
have a PGA Section in each state, but the PGA leaders knew that there were not
enough golf professionals in some states for a successful Section to exist. The
decision was made by the committee to divide the country into 24 Sections rather
than the seven that had existed up to then. One of the proposed new Sections
would be comprised of eastern Pennsylvania and the state of Delaware.
In November and December the Philadelphia pros were getting organized and the
formulation of the Philadelphia PGA was taking place.
Stanley Hern, Bob Barnett and Vin O’Donnell,
a professional golf salesman for the Holmac Golf Company, were
instrumental in founding the Section.