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A Chronicle of the Philadelphia Section PGA and Golf in the Philadelphia Area
by Peter C. Trenham
1940 to 1949

1940 Hershey CC hosted the PGA and Section member Sam Snead lost in the finals to Byron Nelson.
1941 The Section hosted the 25th anniversary dinner for the PGA of America and Dudley was elected president.
1942 Sam Snead won the PGA at Seaview and nine Section members qualified for the 32-man field.
1943 The Section raised money and built a golf course for the WW II wounded vets at Valley Forge General Hospital.
1944 The Section was now providing golf for five military medical hospitals in the Delaware Valley.
1945 Hogan, Snead and Nelson, won 29 of the 37 tournaments held on the PGA Tour that year.
1946 Ben Hogan won 12 events on the PGA Tour plus the PGA Championship.
1947 CC of York pro E.J. ďDutchĒ Harrison won the Reading Open, plus two more tour titles.
1948 Marty Lyons was elected secretary of the PGA. Ben Hogan won the PGA Championship and the U.S. Open.
1949 In January Hogan won twice and then a collision with a bus in west Texas almost ended his life.

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1940 - The 1940s began with Ed Dudley, Philadelphia Country Club professional, in his sixth year as the Section president. The first vice-president and tournament chairman, Marty Lyons, agreed to host the Section Championship for the fifth year in a row at the Llanerch Country Club. The British Open was canceled due to war in Europe.

The third PGA Seniorsí Championship was held in mid January. The tournament was moved from December to January so there wasnít a PGA Seniorsí Championship in 1939. It was played at the Bobby Jones Golf Club in Sarasota, Florida in hopes of having better weather than they had had in Augusta, Georgia. A playoff was needed as Jock Hutchison and Otto Hackbarth were tied at the end of the 36 holes of regulation play with 146s. An 18-hole playoff was held and the two pros were still tied after shooting 74s. A second 18-hole playoff was held and Hackbarth came out on top by one stroke with a 74 against a 75 for Hutchison. Hackbarthís rounds were 76-70 and the 70 was the low round of the tournament. Charlie Mayo and Fred Miley tied for third at 148. Old York Road professional, Jack Campbell tied with Jim Barnes, the former Section member, for fifth place with 149s. Campbell also won his age group, 55-59. George Morris (151), the professional at the Colonial Country Club in Harrisburg, tied for seventh and Sunnybrook Golf Club professional, Frank Coltart (155) tied for 16th.

In late January Ed Oliver won the Crosby Pro-Am at the Rancho Santa Fe Golf Club near San Diego. Oliver put together rounds of 68 and 67 on the 6,800-yard course for a nine under par 135. He won $500 as he finished three strokes in front of Vic Ghezzi (138). Ben Hogan and Jug McSpaden tied for third with 139s. After the tournament Bing Crosby hosted all of the contestants, pros and amateurs, at his Del Mar Turf Club.

The next week, in early February, Ed Oliver won again. This victory came at the Phoenix Country Club in the two-day $3,000 Phoenix Open. Oliver opened with a 69 the first day and then he posted a 72 in morning of the second day. Ben Hogan, who was still looking for his first official win on the PGA Tour, finished at 206. Everyone was congratulating Hogan on his victory but Oliver came in with a seven under par 64, which was a course record. That put him in the clubhouse with a 205 total that won by one stroke. Leonard Dodson and Clayton Heafner tied for third with 207s. First prize was $700.

Two new members of the Section were Sam Snead and Jimmy McHale. The 27-year old Snead had been signed on by the Shawnee Inn & Country Club to represent them on the PGA Tour. One of the best young players on the PGA Tour, he had been on the Ryder Cup Team in 1937. In 1938 he won the Canadian Open and was the leading money winner on tour. He replaced Jimmy Thomson, the longest driver on the PGA Tour, who had held the position from 1936 through 1939. Thomson was still a member of the Section but he was concentrating on playing exhibitions for the Spalding Sporting Goods Company. McHale had been hired by Ed Dudley to replace Sam Byrd who had moved over to the Merion Cricket Club as George Sayersí teaching and playing pro. J. Howard Pew, a member of Merion and president of the Sun Oil Company, paid Byrdís salary while he worked at Merion.

Ed Dudley
President of the Section 7 years
President of the PGA 7 years
Playing member of 3 Ryder Cup teams

Nine Philadelphia Section professionals were invited to the Masters Tournament in early April. Jimmy Demaret was the winner by four strokes over Lloyd Mangrum (284) and five over Byron Nelson (285) with rounds of 67, 72, 70 and 71 for a 280 total. First prize was still $1,500. The course was a symmetrical 3,400 yards going out with a par of 36 and 3,400 yards coming back and also par 36. Mangrum took the lead by three strokes the first day with a course record 64. No one broke 70 the last day. Ed Dudley, Willie Goggin and Harry Cooper tied for fourth at 287. Sam Snead, Henry Picard, the professional at the Hershey Country Club, and Craig Wood tied for seventh at even par 288. Sam Byrd (292), Ed Oliver (294), who was playing the PGA Tour between pro jobs, Jimmy Thomson (301) and Felix Serafin (308), the professional at the Scranton Country Club, were out of the money. Leo Diegel, the head professional at the Philmont Country Club and his assistant Matt Kowal were invited but they didnít play in the tournament.

On the third Monday of April the Sectionís spring meeting was at Raymondís Restaurant in Philadelphia. The members decided to invite apprentices with two years of eligibility toward PGA membership to play in all the Section tournaments except the championship. At the Sectionís 1939 fall meeting the members had decided to put together a plan to promote junior golf in the Philadelphia Section. The plan was to have buttons made with the inscription "PGA HONORARY MEMBER". The buttons were sold for $1 to amateur golfers in the area to promote the junior program. The newspapermen agreed to give it their full support, which was a big help. Four pro-junior tournaments were held in 1940, two for boys and two for girls. The money derived from the sale of the buttons was used to put on the pro-juniors, provide free instruction for juniors and cover any other costs associated with the program. Every junior who played in the pro-junior tournaments received a prize. 

In mid May the Section held its second annual PGA Golf Week. Tournaments were held, exhibitions were played and the radio stations all helped with the promotion of the golf week. Ed Dudley and Jimmy DíAngelo, the professional at the Baederwood Golf Club, visited several clubs to give talks and show movies promoting golf.

Qualifying for the U.S. Open was held at 25 locations in the country on the last Monday in May. Seven players from the Philadelphia Section were exempt from qualifying for being in the top 30 the year before. They were Sam Snead, Ed Dudley, Henry Picard, Sam Byrd, Matt Kowal, Ed Oliver and Felix Serafin. There were 82 pros and amateurs competing for ten spots in Philadelphia. Seaview Country Club professional Bruce Coltart led the qualifying by three over Ted Turner (142), the playing pro from the Pine Valley Golf Club, with a 72-67 for 139. The others were Newark Country Club professional Dave Douglas (145), Plymouth Country Club professional Terl Johnson (146), Jack Grout (147) now the professional at the Irem Temple Country, Holmesburg Country Club professional Gene Kunes (148), Saucon Valley Country Club professional Ralph Hutchison (149), Philadelphia Country Club assistant professional Joe Ludes (149) along with amateurs Harry Haverstick and Dick Chapman.

Jimmy Thomson qualified for the U.S. Open in New York on the last Monday of May. Qualifying was held at the Mount Vernon Country Club. Al Brosch led the qualifying for 17 spots with a 140. Thomson finished tied for second at 143. Al Brosch was low with a 140. A score of 149 won the last spots.

The Sectionís Pro-Lady Championship was first played in 1924 and over the years it had evolved from a one-day tournament to a three-day event. One thing that stayed the same was that the format was scotch foursomes. In the first week of June the tournament was held at the Huntingdon Valley Country Club. The teams qualified on Monday morning and after the flights of eight were sorted out the first round matches were played that afternoon. Two rounds were played on Tuesday and the final was held on Sunday. Two of the Philadelphia Sectionís biggest names wound opposing each other on Sunday. The host professional, Joe Kirkwood, Sr., and his partner Mrs. Frank OíNeil were playing the Ed Dudley-Helen Sigel team. The Dudley team was three down with five holes to play, but they made four straight birdies to take a one-up lead. The Dudley team now held a one-up lead as they drove from the 18th tee, the Kirkwood team won the hole with a par to send the match into a sudden-death playoff. The Kirkwood team was three under par for the 18 holes but that wasnít good enough to win. On Huntingdon Valleyís first hole the pros played their ladyís drives. Dudley put his shot eight feet from the hole and Kirkwoodís shot ended up in a greenside bunker. Dudley and Sigelís par won the match. By the time the match ended there were 300 spectators.

The U.S. Open was at the Canterbury Country Club near Cleveland in early June. The Philadelphia Section had sixteen of its professionals in the starting field. For the first time the players were paired in threes for the first two rounds. They played the last day in twos. Lawson Little (70) beat Gene Sarazen (73) in an 18-hole playoff for the title. They had tied with one-under-par 287s. Littleís rounds were 72, 69, 72 and 72. On the next to last hole of regulation play Sarazen holed a 30-foot-putt with a lump of mud on the side of the ball. The players werenít allowed to clean their golf balls even on the green. With the players playing the last 36 holes on Saturday, Ed Oliver and five other players went out to the first tee after lunch for their final 18 holes. The official starter wasnít there and the weather was threatening. The six teed off about 30 minutes ahead of their assigned starting times. Oliver shot a 71 and finished in a three-way tie for first but he and the five others were disqualified. Horton Smith finished third at 288 and Craig Wood was next with a 289. Six of the Philadelphia Sectionís professionals finished in the money at Canterbury. Ed Dudley (292) led the Section pros with a tenth place tie winning $137.50 and Henry Picard (293) tied for 12th. Gene Kunes and Sam Snead were in a group tied for 16th with 295s. Felix Serafin (296) tied for 20th and Bruce Coltart (300) tied for 29th. Matt Kowal (301) and Sam Byrd (302) also made the cut. Jack Grout, Ralph Hutchison, Ted Turner, Terl Johnson, Jimmy Thomson, Joe Ludes and Dave Douglas missed the cut. First prize was $1,000 and the total purse was $6,000. 

During the U.S. Open the USGA collected golf balls from various contestants. A rumor was going around that a new hot ball was being used by some of the entrants. The USGA stated that the only rule concerning the ball was that it might not weight more than 1.62 ounces or be less than 1.68 inches in diameter. They stated that tests on the balls would be done later in Chicago. Henry Picard stated that there was a new ball out and he intended to acquire some of them. He said the ball was perfectly legal but it would require a complete makeover of his game. He said the new ball demanded that a stiff shaft club be used, while most of the pros used clubs with plenty of whip.

The next week the big stars were in Ohio for the $6,500 Inverness Four-Ball. Sam Snead teamed up with
Ralph Guldahl to pick up another PGA Tour victory. They were plus 15 points for the seven rounds. Jimmy Demaret and Dick Metz (plus 12) were in second place three points back. Other Section members in the eight-team field were Henry Picard, Jimmy Thomson and Ed Dudley.

A former U.S. Open champion, Pittsburghís Sam Parks, Jr., won the Pennsylvania Open. It was held in mid
June at the Edgewood Country Club in Pittsburgh. Parks won the $250 first prize with a 74-70 for an even par 144 and nipped Uniontownís Art Clark (145) by one stroke. Gene Kunes and Matt Kowal led the Philadelphia pros tying for third. They shot 146 and won $87.50 apiece. There were ten money places.

On the third Monday of July Ed Dudley won his fourth Philadelphia Open at the Whitemarsh Valley Country Club. For the first time since 1912 the tournament was contested at 36 holes instead of 72. Dudley outscored 80 pros and amateurs to win the $200 first prize with a pair of 71s for a two-under-par 142. Gene Kunes (143) was in second place one stroke back and one stroke ahead of Matt Kowal (144). Cooper River Golf Club professional Charlie Arena finished fourth at 146 one stroke ahead of the Glendale Golf Club professional George Fazio (147), Bruce Coltart (147) and amateur Dick Chapman (147). There were ten money prizes and the purse totaled $575.

Even though the 1939 Ryder Cup had been canceled due to war in Europe an American Ryder Cup team was selected to raise money for wartime charities by playing exhibitions. The selection of the team members was based on the 1940 Vardon Trophy points. Henry Picard, Sam Snead, Byron Nelson and Jug McSpaden were members of the team. In mid July they barely defeated a challenge team (7-5) led by Gene Sarazen at the Oakland Hills Country Club near Detroit. Ed Oliver, Jimmy Thomson, Ben Hogan and Lawson Little were on Sarazenís team. Hogan was victorious in both the foursomes match and his singles match. Oliver won his singles match over Jimmy Hines by 8&7. Snead lost to Hogan 2-down. Picard won both of his matches as he defeated Gene Sarazen in their singles match by 8&7. Nelson and McSpaden won their foursomes match over Thomson and Tommy Armour by 8&7.

The British Open was also a casualty of war in Europe. It was canceled for 1940 and was not played again until 1946.

Huntingdon Valley Country Club assistant Charlie Sheppard won the Central Pennsylvania Open on the first Monday of August. He broke Byron Nelsonís Reading Country Club tournament record from the previous year by two strokes with rounds of 67 and 68 for a seven-under-par 135. Nelson didnít defend his title, as he was now the pro at the Inverness Club in Toledo, Ohio. Finishing five strokes back in second place was The Springhaven Clubís playing professional Bud Lewis (140). He was one stroke ahead of Charlie Schneider (141) the professional at the Concord Country Club. There was a four-way tie for fourth. The host pro Henry Poe, Ed Dudley, Gene Kunes and Fred Johnson the assistant pro at the Philadelphia Cricket Club all posted 142s. First prize was $100 and 15 pros cashed a check.

The PGA Championship returned to the Section at the Hershey Country Club and the Philadelphia Section had seven places to qualify for. The Section qualifying was held at the Paxon Hollow Country Club on the second Monday in August. Ted Turner was the low qualifier with a nine-under-par 69-66ó135. Charlie Sheppard was second with a 136 and Jimmy Thomson finished third at 137. Walter Brickley, the professional at the Riverton Country Club, and Bruce Coltart tied for fourth with 138s. Five professionals tied at 139 for the last two qualifying places in their national championship. In an 18-hole playoff the next morning Ed Dudley and George Fazio secured the last two places. Dudley shot a ten-under-par 62 which was thought to be the lowest competitive round ever shot in the Philadelphia area, pro or amateur, and Fazioís score was 65. The three that didnít make it were Gene Kunes (71), Matt Kowal (73) and Jimmy DíAngelo (74).  Leo Diegel was exempt as a former PGA champion and Sam Snead had an exemption as a member of the Ryder Cup team. Henry Picard was exempt as the defending champion and the host professional.

Sam Snead got married on Monday and won the Canadian Open that week. The championship was held in mid August at Toronto. At the end of the 72 holes of regulation play Sam Snead and Jug McSpaden were tied for the top spot with three under par 281s. Snead had led by five after 36 holes (67-66) 133, but he faltered the last day with rounds of 75 and 73 that allowed McSpaden to catch him. The final round was played on Saturday and the playoff was held on Monday. Snead (71) prevailed by one stroke in the playoff to capture his second Canadian Open when McSpaden (72) missed a two-foot putt on the final green. First prize was $1,000 and second paid $600. Ray Mangrum (283) was two shots back in third place and one ahead of Ralph Guldahl (284).

Ed Oliver won the $7,500 St. Paul Open at the Keller Course in the last week of July. Oliver put together rounds of 66, 71, 70 and 69 for a 276 total. Oliver birdied the last two holes to edge out Dick Metz (277) and Willie Goggin (277) by one stroke. Lawson Little and amateur Jim Ferrier tied for fourth at 278. First prize was $1,600.

In late August Henry Picard was both the host pro and the defending champion for the PGA Championship. Ten Section members were entered which included the seven qualifiers and three exempt professionals. At Hershey the pros had to qualify again to land a place in the 64-man match play. Picard (142), Ed Dudley (145), Sam Snead (147), George Fazio (148), Charlie Sheppard (150) and Jimmy Thomson (153) qualified. Leo Diegel, Bruce Coltart, Walter Brickley and Ted Turner failed to qualify. In the first round Thomson lost to Alex Gerlak one-down and Fazio lost to Ray Mangrum 3&2. Sheppard won his first round match over Gene Marchi 4&3 and then lost to Snead by 3&2 in the second round. The first two rounds were 18-hole matches. Picard and Dudley each won two matches before losing. Picard eliminated Leonard Gallett 6&4 and then he put out Gerlak 4&3. Dudley beat Henry Bontempo 5&4 and John Gibson 2&1. Snead kept on winning all the way to the finals where he met Byron Nelson. On Saturday the day of the 36-hole semifinal matches only 18 holes were played due to very heavy rains. The second eighteen was played on Sunday with the finals rescheduled for Monday, which was Labor Day. Nelson finished birdie-birdie-par to outlast Snead by a one-up margin to win another major championship. On the way to the finals Snead beat Nelson Giddens 2&1, Sheppard, Jimmy Hines 7&6, Gene Sarazen one-down and Jug McSpaden 5&4. Nelson beat Ralph Guldahl in semifinals 3&2. The purse was $11,050.

Felix Serafin
Won Pennsylvania Open 1931 & 1936
Won PGA Tour 1939 Hershey Open

The next week the tour moved to the Country Club of Scranton for the $5,000 Anthracite Open. Henry Pickard was the defending champion again this week, having won the first Anthracite Open the previous year with a seven under-par 273. The results were reversed from the week before as Sam Snead turned in rounds of 65, 73, 68 and 70 for a 276, to finish two strokes in front of Byron Nelson (278). Lawson Little finished third at 279. Ed Dudley and Ed Oliver tied for fourth with 281s. The host pro, Felix Serafin had a 66 in the opening round and finished sixth at 282. Henry Picard (283) tied for seventh, Sam Byrd (286) tied for 11th and Jack Grout (287) tied for 15th. First prize was $1,200. The total purse was $5,000, which was about average for a regular weekly tournament on the PGA Tour at that time.

George Fazio and Jimmy McHale won the Sectionís pro-pro championship. Not long after that McHale applied for reinstatement as an amateur. After World War II he was one of the leading amateurs in Philadelphia and the United States.

In mid September the one-day South Jersey Open was held at the Atlantic City Country Club. Two pros from outside the Section, Vic Ghezzi and Horton Smith tied for first with 140s. They posted identical rounds of 71 in the morning and 69 in the afternoon. There was no playoff and the two pros each received $225. Tied for third one stroke back were Jimmy Thomson (141), Charlie Sheppard (141) and amateur James "Sonny" Fraser (141) of the home club. Jimmy McHale (143) was alone in sixth place. Ted Turner, Sam Byrd and Ed Oliver tied for seventh with 144s. Tying for tenth and finishing in the money at 145 were Matt Kowal, Ray Mangrum, Ky Laffoon, Ralph Beach and Dick Renaghan, who was now the professional at the Woodcrest Country Club.

World War II was on the horizon and the people in the United States were doing whatever they could to help their friends in Europe. On September 15 an exhibition was played at Philadelphia Country Clubís Spring
Mill Course. A gallery of 5,000 turned out to see Bing Crosby and Ed Dudley play a better ball match against Jimmy Thomson and Horton Smith for the benefit of the British War Relief Society. It was one of the largest turnouts to see a golf match in years. Between golf shots Crosby signed autographs on golf balls and anything else that the fans put in front of him.

Matt Kowal
1940 Section Champion

The Section Championship was held the next week in September. For a fifth straight year the Llanerch Country Club hosted the tournament. It was all Matt Kowal. He won the medal, qualifying with a 71 and a 65. His 136 set a new standard for the Section Championship 36-hole qualifying round, breaking Byron Nelsonís record 137, which was shot at Llanerch the previous year. The 65 was a Llanerch course record as well. Ed Dudley was next with a 139 and Clarence Ehresman was third at 140. Jimmy Thomson qualified but he didnít play in the match play. Thirty-two players qualified for the match play as the 153s played off for the last spots. The defending champion Charlie Schneider and the host pro Marty Lyons were exempt. On Sunday Kowal defeated Dudley in a 36-hole final before a gallery estimated at 1,500. On the last green Kowal holed a ten-foot putt for a birdie to win 1-up. As the medalist he received the Evening Ledger Cup and as the Section champion he received the Bulletin Cup, which was awarded for the first time that year. Kowal reached the finals by defeating Gene Kunes in the semi-finals 3&2. In the other semi-final match Dudley beat Schneider 5&4.

The annual meeting of the Section was held at Raymondís Restaurant on the third Monday in October. Ed Dudley was elected president for an unprecedented seventh year. He was also still a vice-president of the PGA of America. Marty Lyons was reelected first vice president and the Beverly Hills Country Club professional Ted Bickel, Jr. was elected second vice president. Jimmy DíAngelo was reelected secretary and Walter Brickley was elected treasurer for the sixth consecutive year. The Sectionís members decided to continue with the junior program and the sale of the buttons. They knew that junior golf had benefited and these juniors would be future club members. It kept the words "junior golfer" and "PGA" in front of the adult golfers during the entire season and generated enthusiasm among the various clubs. At the meeting the members were notified that the entire membership would receive a questionnaire asking for suggestions concerning junior golf and other programs that might benefit the Section.

The PGA of Americaís annual meeting was held at the Morrison Hotel in Chicago during the second week of November. An innovation at the meeting was the informal meeting of the delegates prior to the regular meeting. The delegates discussed the numerous resolutions and the next day they were ready to vote which resulted in time saved for other matters. One resolution that passed created a vice-president for each of the PGA Districts. Each District was made up of three PGA Sections. For the first time each District elected their vice-president to represent them on the Executive Committee. Before that the VPs were elected by the PGA of America executive committee, which was composed of the national officers and the VPs. Tom Walsh was unanimously reelected president and a former Section member Frank Sprogell was elected secretary. Sprogell won out over the incumbent Captain Charles R. Clark by one vote (35 to 34). Sprogell had worked in the Section when Philadelphia was part of the Southeastern Section. Willie Maguire was reelected treasurer. Ed Dudley was the tournament chairman for a fourth consecutive year and he reported to the delegates that the contract of Fred Corcoran, the tournament bureau manager, had been renewed. Leo Diegel the professional at the Philmont Country Club and Sam Snead were on Dudleyís committee. The PGA Tour had played 26 tournaments for $160,000 during the past 12 months and attracted 500,000 spectators. Sponsored tournaments had donated $50,000 to the Red Cross treasury that year. Seventeen events had been lined up for the upcoming Winter Tour. The entry fees were $1 per $1,000 in the tournament purse. Caddy fees were $1 to $1.50 per round. It was estimated that it cost about $10 a day to play the PGA Tour. The PGA started a Hall of Fame and inducted Walter Hagen, Gene Sarazen and amateurs Bobby Jones and Francis Ouimet. The committee that selected them was made up of four sportswriters, the chairman Grantland Rice, O.B. Keeler, Kerr Petrie and A. Linde Fowler. The delegates from the Philadelphia Section were Jimmy DíAngelo and Dick Henkel, the professional at the Schuylkill Country Club.

The leading money winner and scoring average leader was Ben Hogan. The Vardon Trophy was figured on a point system and Hogan led with 423 points. Sam Snead was second with 390 points. Hogan won $10,655, Byron Nelson was second with $9,653 and Snead was next with $9,206. Ed Oliver was 11th with $4,725. Hoganís scoring average was 70.53 for 75 tournament rounds. Hogan finished in the money in all of the 23 tournaments that he entered that year. He won four times and three wins came back to back to back. There were 26 tournaments on the PGA Tour that year and the purses totaled $160,000.

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1941 - Former Philadelphia professional, Jack Burke, Sr., won PGA Seniorsí Championship on the second weekend in January. The seniors were back in Sarasota, Florida for their fourth annual championship. Burkeís (75-67) score of 142 for 36-holes, won by seven strokes. Par was 71. Eddie Williams finished second at 149. Jock Hutchison, Jack Gordon and H.C. Hackbarth tied for third with 150s. Frank Coltart and George Morris tied for 15th. Jack Campbell (159) finished second to Gil Nicholls (157) in the 60-64-year-old age group.

Early that year George Izett moved his custom club making shop to Chestnut Street in Philadelphia. He formed a partnership with Bill Bailey and they called it Bailey & Izett, Inc. Bailey had been working for Wanamakers Department Store in Philadelphia running their golf department. When it came to golf, Wanamakers had been in both the retail and wholesale business importing golf equipment from Great Britain for sale in America. It was the Wanamaker family who had spearheaded the formation of the PGA in 1916 to improve their customer relations with the professionals. The Wanamakers put up cash and the trophy for the first PGA Championship. Now the store had decided to close its golf department. Bailey & Izett sold the woods, the PGA ball, golf shoes and a complete line of golf accessories. The Izett clubs were sold all over the world. Izett made drivers for several United States presidents and many of the greatest playing professionals.

Early in 1941 the Selective Service Board was beginning to interfere with the careers of professional golfers as well as many other people. In late January Ed Oliver, still using Wilmington as his address even though he was the head professional in Hornell, New York, had to make a hurried trip home from the tour for his physical. Oliver drove home to Wilmington and then drove back across the country to play in the Crosby Pro-Am. He was Bing Crosbyís partner in the tournament and the defending champion. While Oliver was home his father had taken his clubs out of the car and stored them away. He didnít know that his son was going to get a deferment and thought that he would not be playing golf for a while. Oliver arrived in California without any clubs and had to play with a borrowed set. At the tournament Ed Dudley gave Bing Crosby a plaque from the PGA for participating in six Red Cross matches sponsored by the PGA in 1940. Sam Snead won the 36-hole tournament, played at Rancho Sante Fe Golf Club, with a 67 and a 69 for a 136 total. There were over 300 entries and it took two days to play the first round. Craig Wood finished second at 137. This was Sneadís third Crosby Pro-Am victory and he had won every one he had played in. Jug McSpaden and Bill Nary tied for third with 138s.

Ben Hogan
Winner of nine major championships
Four U.S. Opens

It was announced that on March 15 Ben Hogan would be the professional at the Hershey Country Club. He was replacing his good friend Henry Picard, who had taken a job in Oklahoma. Due to problems with arthritis in his hands and a family of four children Picard wanted to reduce his tournament schedule and Milton Hershey wanted someone to represent Hershey on the PGA Tour.

In early February Ed Oliver (275) won the $5,000 Western Open in Phoenix beating Ben Hogan (278) and Byron Nelson (278) by three strokes. Oliver, who had won three times the year before, finished strong. In the morning of the last day he played the back nine in 30 for a 67 and he tacked on a 69 in the afternoon to win the $1,000 first prize. His first two rounds were 67 and 72. Johnny Bulla finished fourth at 280.

Henry Picard grabbed the spotlight one last time for the Hershey Country Club by winning the $5,000 New Orleans Open in mid February. Picard toured the City Park Course in rounds of 72, 65, 66 and 73 for a total of 276 to finish two strokes in front of Ben Hogan (278). Picard broke the tournament record that he had set two years before, by eight strokes. The 65 was a course record also. Clayton Heafner finished third at 279. Jimmy Demaret, Toney Penna, Craig Wood and Ralph Guldahl tied for fourth with 284s. There were 168 entries and first prize was $1,200.

In mid February the PGA selected the Cherry Hills Country Club in Denver to host the PGA Championship. PGA president Tom Walsh made the announcement after polling the associationís executive committee.

In the last week of February Sam Snead handled cold gusty winds off the Gulf of Mexico to win the $5,000 St. Petersburg Open. Snead finished two strokes in front of four other pros with rounds of 67, 72, 68 and 72 for a five-under-par 279. First prize was $1,200. Tying for second at 281and winning $525 each were Ben Hogan, Jug McSpaden, Herman Barron and Chick Harbert. Sam Byrd (284) tied for sixth.

The next week in February Ben Hogan and Gene Sarazen won the International Four-Ball in Miami. The $5,000 tournament was held at the Miami Biltmore Hotel Course. Hogan and Sarazen each won $1,000 by defeating Sam Snead and Ralph Guldahl in the 36-hole final 4&3. Hogan made seven birdies in the fourteen holes needed in the afternoon to finish the match.

Sam Snead won the North and South Open at Pinehurst, North Carolina in the third week of March. Snead picked up his third victory of the year on the PGA Tour with rounds of 69, 66, 73 and 69 a record tying 277 on the Pinehurst #2 course. He tied Ben Hoganís winning score from the year before and the 66 tied the course record that Hogan had set that same year. First prize was $2,000. Clayton Heafner finished second at 280. Willie Goggin finished third at 284. Byron Nelson and Lawson Little tied for fourth with 285s. Hogan (288) who was now officially the pro at Hershey Country Club and another Section member Terl Johnson (290) finished sixth and eighth.

Ben Hogan watches
Joe Kirkwood, Sr. warm up
Langhorne Country Club
May 1941

The next week in March it was Ben Hoganís turn to win as he won the $5,000 Land of the Sky Open in Asheville, North Carolina. Hogan was the defending champion and it took a very unusual finish to keep the title. After earlier rounds of 67 and 73 on the Biltmore Forest Country Club course he began the last day with a four-stroke lead. At the end of the morning round he had shot a 75 and now trailed Lawson Little by five strokes. In the afternoon Hogan put together a two-under-par 69 in spite of a four-putt green when two putts wouldnít stop near the hole and kept rolling back to where he had putted. His 284 total finished two strokes in front of Lawson Little and earned him a check for $1,200. Lloyd Mangrum finished third at 289 and Craig Wood was next with a 290.

After several near misses Craig Wood came through with his first major victory at the Masters Tournament in the first week of April. Wood won by three strokes over Byron Nelson (283) with rounds of 66, 71, 71 and 72 for 280. First prize was still $1,500. The entry fee was $5. Sam Byrd (285), Ben Hogan (286) and Ed Dudley (288) finished third, fourth and fifth respectively and Sam Snead (289) tied for sixth. Jimmy Thomson (293) missed the money by one stroke. Gene Kunes (297), Felix Serafin (297) and Bruce Coltart (308) were also in the field.

The big employment news came in April when Section president Ed Dudley announced that he was resigning as the professional at the Philadelphia Country Club and would be leaving for a new summer head pro position at The Broadmoor. The Philadelphia Country Club had been putting pressure on him to be back from Augusta by April 1. Since the Masters was played in early April he had to make a choice between the two and his choice was the Augusta National Golf Club. Dudley would be at The Broadmoor from June 1 until after Labor Day. He was still the president of the Section.

Joe Kirkwood, Sr.
The greatest trick shot artist of his time
and probably any time.

For the first time in a number of years Ed Dudley was not at the Sectionís spring meeting. The meeting was at Raymondís Restaurant in Philadelphia on the third Monday in April. The Sectionís members decided that first vice president Marty Lyons would handle the presidential duties for Dudley in his absence along with continuing to be the tournament chairman, until the next election. At the meeting they also decided to hold two junior championships in addition to the pro-junior tournaments. There would be one for girls and one for boys. It was announced that the Philadelphia Open was being held at the Pine Valley Golf Club and the GAP had decided that the tournament would be open to all comers. Leo Diegel had been named the chairman of a committee to arrange for a PGA Silver Anniversary banquet in September to celebrate the founding of the PGA in 1916.

In early May the Section held their third annual PGA Golf Week. Pro-am tournaments were held for men and ladies, there were tournaments for junior golfers, and exhibitions were played. Patty Berg and Helen Detweiller put on a clinic at the City Line Driving Range that was operated by Bud Lewis and George Fazio. The next day Berg and Detweiller played an exhibition at the Huntingdon Valley Country Club where Joe Kirkwood, Sr. was the professional. On Saturday Ben Hogan and Kirkwood played an exhibition against Jimmy Thomson and Al MacDonald at the Langhorne Country Club where MacDonald was the professional. Kirkwood demonstrated his trick shots after the exhibition match.

Qualifying for the U.S. Open was held at the Philadelphia Cricket Clubís Flourtown Course on the fourth Monday in May. The entry fee was $5. Joe Zarhardt, the professional at the Jeffersonville Golf Club, led with a pair of 73s for 146. Sam Byrd was next at 147. George Fazio (150) now the playing professional at the Cedarbrook Country Club and the Yardley Country Club professional Tom OíConnor (150) earned the last two spots in a sudden death playoff with Joe Kirkwood, Sr. Ben Hogan, Sam Snead, Ed Dudley, Gene Kunes, Bruce Coltart and Felix Serafin were exempt due to having been in the top 30 the previous year at Canterbury.

Also on the fourth Monday of May Jimmy Thomson qualified for the U.S. Open. He was in New Jersey at the Ridgewood Country Club. Jimmy Demaret led 62 players in qualifying for 12 spots on Ridgewoodís East and West courses with a 140. Thomson turned in a 152 and lost a sudden death playoff to Jim Turnesa for the third alternate spot. As the fourth alternate Thomson got into the Open. For the first time all former U.S. Open winners were given exemptions into the tournament.

Craig Wood won his second major of the year at the U.S. Open in the first week of June. The Open was played at the Colonial Country Club in Ft. Worth, Texas. Wood won by three strokes over a former Section member, Denny Shute (287) with rounds of 73, 71, 70 and 70 for 284. First prize was $1,000 and second was $800. Ben Hogan (289) tied for third with Johnny Bulla (289) and won $650. Ed Dudley (295) tied for 10th winning $125 and Sam Snead (296) won $100 as he tied for 13th. Gene Kunes (299), Joe Zarhardt (302) and Sam Byrd (303) were also in the money and they made the top 30 to qualify for the next U.S. Open. Felix Serafin (309) and Tom OíConnor (318) made the cut and played the 72 holes. Bruce Coltart (154) and George Fazio (156) made the cut and withdrew. Jimmy Thomson missed the cut.

 Two days after the U.S. Open ended the Pennsylvania Open was played at the Merion Cricket Clubís East Course. Gene Kunes, who had just completed 72 holes at Ft. Worth, with 36 on Saturday, came out on top. The tournament was scheduled for one day and 36 holes but Kunes needed two days and 72 holes to nail down the victory and the $250 first place check. At the end of 36 holes Kunes (73-77) and Terl Johnson (75-75) were tied with 150 totals. The next morning they played 18 holes and were still tied after shooting a pair of 75s. They went back out for another 18 holes and Kunes prevailed with a 74 against Johnsonís 78. Joe Kirkwood, Sr. (151) and Howard Everitt (151), a former Section assistant pro but now reinstated as an amateur, tied for third one stroke back. Tied for fifth were Jack Grout (152), now the professional at the Fox Hill Country Club, Lorman Kelley (152), the teaching professional at the Springfield Driving Range and William "Red" Francis (152), a former Section member. There were twelve money prizes.

Bruce Coltart
Played in 11 U.S. Opens,
7 PGA Championships
and the 1941 Masters

Twenty-six Section members were at the Lancaster Country Club on the third Monday in June to try and qualify for the PGA Championship. Bruce Coltart led the field with a pair of 70s for a four-under-par 140. Coltart was playing with his right foot taped up due to an injured tendon suffered in a fall the night before. Also qualifying were Jimmy Thomson (142), George Fazio (144), Gene Kunes (145), Jack Grout (145) and Ed Dudley (147), who got the last spot. Dudley, now working in Colorado but still a Section member, had to win a nine-hole playoff that same day over Joe Kirkwood, Sr. and Henry Williams, Jr. the professional at the Phoenixville Country Club. Sam Snead, Leo Diegel and Ben Hogan were exempt. Diegel, a two-time winner of the PGA didnít enter the tournament. The entry fee was $5 and the qualifiers received mileage money unless they won more than that in the tournament.

Ben Hogan teamed up with Jimmy Demaret to win the Inverness Four-Ball at Toledo, Ohio in the third week of June. They finished with the highest number of points in the tournament history (plus 11) and three points ahead of the second place team of Jimmy Thomson and Byron Nelson. Sam Byrd was also in the field but Sam Snead had to withdraw three days before the tournament due to a back injury. The event was made up of eight two-man teams with every team playing a match against each of the other teams. They played seven rounds in four days. The winners each took away $1,000 from the $7,000 purse and the contestants received expense money for their room and meals. There were 25,000 spectators for the four days at $1 per person.

In the first week of July the Section held a junior championship for boys and girls. Everyone was eligible whether he or she played at a private or public golf course. The Section officers were concerned that the kids might be away at camp but there were 125 entries. The contestants were placed in three classes, age 12 and under, thirteen to fifteen and sixteen to eighteen. A local newspaper awarded medals to the low gross winners and the Section presented the other winners with prizes.

Jack Grout
Won 1938 Mid-South 4-Ball
Taught Jack Nicklaus

In the second week of July the PGA Championship was played at the Cherry Hills Club near Denver. All eight Section members made it through the 36-hole qualifying. Sam Snead led the qualifying with a 138 and won custody of the Alex Smith Memorial Trophy for a year. Ben Hogan and George Fazio near the top with 140s. Ed Dudley (143), Gene Kunes (145), Bruce Coltart (145) and Jack Grout (148) also qualified with ease. Jimmy Thomson (153) just got under the wire. The 154 scores were in a playoff. Thomson lost in the first round to Jug McSpaden on the 21st hole. The first two rounds of matches were 18-holes and the rest were 36-hole matches. Fazio, Kunes and Dudley each won one match. Fazio beat Charles Malloy one-down and then lost to Coltart on the 19th hole. Kunes beat Frank Commisso two-down and then lost to Ralph Guldahl 2&1. Dudley beat Buddy Poteet 2&1 before losing to Jimmy Hines 3&2. Grout and Coltart won two matches. Grout defeated Jimmy Demaret 4&3, Fay Coleman one-down and lost to Vic Ghezzi one-down. Coltart beat Carl Beljan 3&2 and Fazio on the 19th hole before losing to Gene Sarazen 9&7 in the third round. Snead and Hogan each won three matches before losing in the quarterfinals. Snead eked out a win over Earl Martin on the 23rd hole, beat Phil Greenwaldt 7&6, edged Mike Turnesa one-down and then lost to Lloyd Mangrum 6&4. Hogan eliminated Frank Walsh 5&3, Bud Oakley two-down and Horton Smith 2&1 before losing to Byron Nelson 2&1. Ghezzi went on to earn his only win in a major by beating Nelson in the finals on the second extra hole after being tied at the end of their 36-hole match. In the semifinals Ghezzi beat Mangrum one-down and Nelson beat Sarazen two-down. First prize was $1,100. Hogan and Snead won $250 each and Grout and Coltart each won $200. The winners of one match received $150 and the first round losers won $100. The total purse was $10,000. A special round-trip train fare was set up for the pros from Chicago to Denver and back. Coach was $31.10 and first class cost $35.95. For another $13.75 a round-trip lower berth could be purchased.

On the second Monday of July the Philadelphia Open was held at the Pine Valley Golf Club for the second time in its 37-year history. Terl Johnson staged a big turnaround in the afternoon round to win the title and the $200 first prize. After a 78 in the morning he toured the course in 68 strokes in the afternoon, tying Ed Dudleyís 1939 course record. Johnson (146) edged out Bud Lewis (70-77ó147), who had shot a 70 in the morning, by one stroke. Sam Byrd and Gene Kunes tied for third at 148. Joe Kirkwood, Sr. finished fifth with a 149, two strokes ahead of Paul Runyan (151), who was playing out of New York. The total purse came to $585.

Ben Hogan won the $5,000 Chicago Open at the Elmhurst Country Club in the third week of July. Hogan opened with a 66 and followed it up with a 70. The last day Craig Wood (276) put together two 67s but Hogan was able to hold him off with a pair of 69s for 274 and a two stroke win. Dick Metz finished third at 278 and Jim Ferrier was next at 284. First prize was $1,200.

Joe Zarhardt won the Central Pennsylvania Open at the Reading Country Club on the first Monday in August. He put together a 68 and a 70 for a four-under-par 138 to edge out three players by one stroke. Tying for second with 139s were Bruce Coltart, Felix Serafin and amateur Johnny Markel, the 19-year-old son of the Berkshire Country Club professional Harry Markel. Coltart and Serafin tied Byron Nelsonís competitive course record with 65s in the morning round. The host professional Henry Poe and the Hershey Country Club assistant Chick Rutan tied for fifth with 140s.

In the second week of August an American won the Canadian Open for the twenty-seventh straight year. The tournament was held at the Lambton Club. Sam Snead repeated as the winner by two strokes with rounds of 71, 68, 66 and 69 for a six-under-par 274. The tournament was held in Toronto and several Toronto pros finished near the top. Torontoís Bob Gray ended up in second place with at 276. Gene Sarazen won third money at 277. Toronto pros Gordon Brydson (278) and Bill Kerr (280) were next in line.

The next week in August Sam Snead won the Times-Union Open in Rochester, New York at the Oak Hill Country Clubís East Course. Snead won the $1,200 first prize with rounds of 67, 70, 73 and 67 for a three-under-par 277. Ben Hogan was seven strokes back in second place (284) and Craig Wood (287) finished third. Denny Shute and Jug McSpaden tied for fourth with 288s.

A 1941 Ryder Cup Team had been selected and they played exhibitions for charities. In the fourth week of August they met Bobby Jonesís challengers at the Detroit Golf Club. Jonesí team, made up of all professionals except Jones, won the match. It was Walter Hagenís last time as the captain of the Ryder Cup Team and it was Jonesí last competitive match. Hagen had been the captain of every Ryder Cup team since the matches were first played in 1927. Sam Snead, Byron Nelson, Henry Picard and Jug McSpaden were members of the Ryder Cup Team. Ben Hogan, Ed Dudley, Lawson Little and Denny Shute were on Jonesí challenger team. The match raised $18,200.

In early September Ben Hogan won the eighth annual Hershey Open. The host pro at the Hershey Country Club set a new tournament record with rounds of 69, 67, 69 and 70 for a 17-under-par 275. This score was five strokes lower than Henry Picardís record setting score in 1937. This was Hoganís fifty-fourth consecutive finish in the money and his check from the $5,000 purse was $1,200. He finished seven strokes in front of the second place Lloyd Mangrum (282). Jack Grout finished tied for third with Clayton Heafner with six-under-par 286s. Sam Snead, Felix Serafin, George Fazio and Denny Shute tied for fifth with 287s. Gene Kunes (288) was next in ninth place. Sam Byrd (293), Henry Poe (293) and Joe Kirkwood, Jr. (293) who was assisting his father Joe, Sr. at the Huntingdon Valley Country Club were among those who tied for fifteenth. There were fifteen money places and last place was worth $80.

     The tour was at the Atlantic City Country Club for the $5,000 Atlantic City Open in mid September. Lloyd Mangrumís thirteen-under-par 275 took away the $1,200 first prize beating Ben Hogan (281) and Vic Ghezzi (281) by six strokes. Jack Grout (282) finished one stroke further back in a tie for fourth with Lawson Little (282). Former Section member Denny Shute tied for sixth with Horton Smith and Toney Penna at 283. Sam Byrd and Corporal Ed Oliver, now stationed at Ft. Dix, New Jersey, tied for tenth with 287s. As the sole support of his parents Oliver had received a temporary deferment but in the end he was the first big name golf professional to be drafted. Also finishing in the money were Terl Johnson (290), Bud Lewis (291), Bruce Coltart (292), Dick Renaghan (295), Felix Serafin (296), Joe Zarhardt (296) and Clarence Ehresman (296). Twenty-five players finished in the money with the last nine professionals winning $25 each. Eleven Section members were in the money. The host professional was John Cressey.

The Wood Memorial was held at the Jeffersonville Golf Club on the second Monday of September. The tournament ended in a tie as Gene Kunes, Jimmy DíAngelo and Llanerch Country Club assistant Tony Lyons all posted four under par 67s. Kunes won the tournament in a playoff.

The next week the tour was in Philadelphia for the first annual $5,000 Henry Hurst Invitation at the Torresdale-Frankford Country Club. The host professional was Jack Sawyer. Sawyer had been the professional at Torresdale- Frankford since 1912 and held the position for over 50 years. The tournament came about because Torresdale-Frankford needed to put a fence around their golf course and Henry Hurst, a member, told the club that if they would let him bring a PGA Tour event there he would make enough profit to put up the fence, and he did. In addition to the $5,000 tournament purse $2,000 extra was paid out for special feats during the practice rounds on Wednesday and Thursday. The entry fee was $5. A "season" ticket for the practice rounds and all tournament rounds cost $2.50. The daily tickets were $1.10. Enough tickets were sold before the tournament started to cover all the expenses of the tournament. Grandstands were placed at convenient places on the course for the spectators and a large scoreboard was erected opposite the eighteenth green.

Jimmy DíAngelo
Section Secretary 6 years
National VP
Philadelphia PGA PR-man

On Saturday September 20, during the week of the Hurst Invitation, the Philadelphia Section celebrated the PGA of Americaí Silver Anniversary. A banquet was held at the Bellevue-Stratford Hotel with 800 in attendance. The success of the dinner was due to the efforts of the chairman Leo Diegel and Section secretary Jimmy DíAngelo who promoted and publicized the affair. The toastmaster was Henry McElmore, a nationally known sportswriter. Some of the honored guests were Ben Hogan, the leading money winner on the PGA Tour, and Bud Ward, U.S. Amateur champion. Also attending the banquet were all the countryís leading pros including Section president Ed Dudley, who was back from The Broadmoor for the Hurst Invitation. The featured speakers were Tom Walsh, president of the PGA of America and Philadelphiaís John B. Kelly, director of the national physical education program called "Hale America". Kelly stated that the reason for the program was that forty-five percent of the American youth were physically unfit for Army duty. Walsh said, in his speech, that the PGA of America and its two thousand members would unstintingly give their time and knowledge to further the program as it applied to golf.

Sam Snead won the Hurst Invitational and the $1,500 first prize with an eight-under-par 272. He began with a 64 and followed it up with 74, 69 and 65. Dick Metz was a distant second nine shots back with 281 and Jimmy Demaret was third at 282. Two strokes further back and tied for fourth were Clayton Heafner (284) and Vic Ghezzi (284). The next lowest Philadelphia Section member was Terl Johnson who tied for sixth at 285 with Gene Sarazen, Byron Nelson, Horton Smith and Billy Burke. There were twelve money places and last money was $100. After being in the money in fifty-six straight PGA Tour events Ben Hogan missed the money by five shots with a 291. The last time he had missed the money was at the U.S. Open at the Philadelphia Country Clubís Spring Mill Course in June 1939. Henry Hurst announced that the tournament would be held the next year and the purse would be increased from $7.000 to $12,000.

In late September Sam Snead and Jimmy Demaret left for a two and one-half month tour of South America. The two professionals were sent by the PGA of America to participate in some of their championships and play exhibitions.

George Fazio
1941 Section Champion

At the end of September fifty-three Section members were entered in their championship. Marty Lyons and the Llanerch Country Club hosted the tournament again. Bruce Coltart led the qualifying with a 72 and a 68 for a four-under-par 140 as the Section members competed for 32 places in the starting field. The players with totals of 155 played off for the last spot. In the 36-hole finals George Fazio defeated a former winner, Robert "Buzz " Campbell, Old York Road Country Club assistant, by the count of 11&9. In the semi-finals Fazio had put out the medalist Coltart one-down and Campbell defeated Terl Johnson 3&2. The matches were played on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday with the 36-hole finals on Sunday. The defending champion Matt Kowal, now in the United States Army, was not able to defend his title.

At the Sectionís fall meeting Ed Dudley stepped down as the president after holding the office for seven years. The meeting was at Raymondís Restaurant in Philadelphia on the third Monday of October. Marty Lyons was elected president after being a vice-president and tournament chairman for four years. Even though Dudley wasnít working in the Section he owned a home in Ardmore and was still a Section member. Dudley had been selected by the Section to represent the Philadelphia Section as the national vice-president representing the Philadelphia, Metropolitan and New Jersey Sections (District II). Lancaster Country Club professional A.B. Thorn was elected first vice president and Charlie Schneider was elected second vice president. Jimmy DíAngelo and Walter Brickley were returned to the offices of secretary and treasurer.

The PGA of Americaís 25th annual national meeting was held at the Chicago Towers Club in Chicago during the second week of November. Ed Dudley was elected president of the PGA of America. He received 47 of the 70 votes cast. Frank T. Sprogell received the second most votes. Dudley was the first PGA national president to come from the ranks of the touring pros. Even though he had held head professional positions at several clubs he was considered a player. He planned to play a large part of the winter tour as usual. At that time almost all of the top-touring professionals held club jobs as well because it was difficult to make a living from tournament golf alone. He had been chairman of the PGAís tournament committee for four years. Sprogell was reelected secretary and Willie Maguire was reelected treasurer. Dudley had been the Philadelphia Sectionís choice to serve as national vice president, but when he was elected president, Jimmy DíAngelo took his place and was sworn in as the vice president for District II. PGA Districts had been created at the last national meeting and Philadelphia was in a district with the New Jersey and Metropolitan Sections. Each Sectionís vice president would serve a three-year term but as this was a new program the Section with the first turn would have a one-year VP and the Section with the second turn would have a two-year term. It would be six years before the Philadelphia Section would be represented again. The delegates voted to tax each tour event 5% to take care of the tournament bureauís expenses. In 1940 a PGA Hall of Fame had been created. At this meeting five more were added to the Hall. Two of the five new members inducted into the Hall of Fame, Willie Anderson and Johnny McDermott, were from Philadelphia. The other three inductees were Alex Smith, amateur Jerry Travers and amateur Chick Evans. Dudley and DíAngelo were the Sectionís delegates to the meeting. The PGA, now 25 years old, had 2,041 members.

A Ryder Cup team for 1942 was selected at the PGAís national meeting in November. Ben Hogan, Sam Snead, Jug McSpaden and Byron Nelson were selected for the ten-man team, which would be playing exhibitions for charity.

As the year came to a conclusion the leading money winner on the PGA Tour was Ben Hogan with winnings of $18,358. Sam Snead and Byron Nelson were second and third with more than $12,000 each. The touring pros had played for a record total of $202,000 that year and Ben Hogan, Sam Snead and Byron Nelson had won over $43,000 of the money. Hogan won three times and finished second eleven times. He was only out of the money one time and that was in Philadelphia. Hogan also won the Vardon Trophy for the second straight year. He won with 553 points, which was the most in the five-year history of the Vardon Trophy. Hoganís scoring average was 70.28 for his 101 tournament rounds. Just like the money race, Snead and Nelson were second and third. They both also averaged less than 71 strokes per round.

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1942 - The United States was at war but tournament golf had not been affected yet. Ben Hogan started the new-year at the $10,000 Los Angeles Open right where he left off the year before, on the top of the professional golf world. In the second week of January he won the L.A. Open at Hillcrest Country Club where former Section member, Charles Lacey, was the head professional. Hogan went around Hillcrest in 70, 70, 72 and 70. Hogan (282) birdied the last hole with a 325-yard drive, an iron to the green and two putts to tie Jimmy Thomson (282) and force a playoff. Earlier Sam Snead had come to the last hole thinking he needed a birdie to tie and he made an eight. This left him in third place three strokes back at 285 tied with Harry Cooper and Chick Harbert. The next day Hogan won the $3,500 first prize by one stroke with another birdie on the last hole for an even par 72 against a 73 for Thomson. Thomson won $1,700.

Ed Dudley was in Los Angeles playing in the L.A. Open and while he was there he received a telephone call from the USGA. The call was to inform the PGA that in order to focus its full attention on the war effort the U.S. Open would not be held that year. The PGA and the USGA had agreed to work together in the staging of exhibitions in order to raise money for the wartime charities. Another move by the USGA was a change in its bylaws, which would permit amateurs to win war bonds in tournament up to $100 rather than merchandise or trophies.

George Morris
3rd 1942 Sr.
PGA Championship
Grand nephew of
Old Tom Morris

The senior professionals were at the Ft. Myers Golf & Country Club for the PGA Seniorsí Championship in the third week of January. Eddie Williams won by six strokes over Jock Hutchison (144) with a pair of three under par 69s for 138. George Morris finished third at 145 and former section member Wilfrid Reid was next with a 146. $125 of the prize money was donated to the American Red Cross.

Ten weeks after his victory at Los Angeles Ben Hogan won the $5,000 San Francisco Open. In between he had finished second to Byron Nelson in the Oakland Open. Hogan opened the tournament at the California Country Club with a seven-under-par 65 and then it rained for two days. When the tournament got under way again Hogan shot a 71 and he tacked on a 72-71 the last day to coast home three shots in front of Sam Snead (279). First prize was $1,000. Lawson Little (284) and Dick Metz (285) ended up in third and fourth place. The prize money was awarded in the form of United States Defense Bonds.

In the spring of 1942 there were three new members of the Section who were top players, Harold "Jug" McSpaden, E. J. "Dutch" Harrison and Henry Ransom. McSpaden, the new head pro at the Philadelphia Country Club had been runner-up in the PGA Championship in 1937 and had won the Canadian Open in 1939. Harrison, now the professional at the West Shore Country Club and Ransom, the playing professional at the North Hills Country Club, were just beginning to realize their potential as tournament players.

Henry Ransom
1951 Ryder Cup Team member

Sam Snead won the $5,000 St. Petersburg Open for the third time in four years. The tournament was played at the Lakewood Country Club in the first week of March. Snead began with a 72 and then brought in a 69 on a very rainy day. Ben Hogan and Henry Picard, who were paired together, left the course for the clubhouse saying that the course was unplayable. They were subsequently disqualified for delay of play. On the third day Snead turned in a 75 and a 70 for a 286, which earned him the $1,000 top prize. Sam Byrd, Byron Nelson and Chick Harbert tied for second at 289 and they each won $583.33. Byrd had now played in nine tournaments on the PGA Tour since the first of the year and he had been in the money seven times winning $1,021.08.

In late March Ben Hogan won the North and South Open on the Pinehurst #2 course for a second time with a record 17 under par score of 271. His rounds were 67, 68, 67 and 69. Hogan had won his first PGA Tour tournament there two years before. Sam Snead finished second five strokes back at 276. Byron Nelson and Lloyd Mangrum tied for third with 281s. First prize was $1,000 and the total purse was $5,000.

The Greensboro Open got under way the day after the North and South Open ended. Sam Byrd made his decision to leave major league baseball in 1937 pay off by picking up his first PGA Tour win. Byrd was tied for the lead at the end of 36 holes with Jimmy Thomson at (69-67) 136. On the last day Byrd posted a 75 in the morning but he came back with a 68 in the afternoon for a total of 279. Ben Hogan and Lloyd Mangrum each put together 138s the last day and tied for second two strokes back at 281. Byron Nelson and Clayton Heafner tied for fourth with 282s. The total purse was $5,500 and first prize was $1,000.

The next week Ben Hogan won the Land of the Sky Open at Asheville, North Carolina for a third straight year. Hogan trailed Lawson Little by three strokes with nine holes to play, but a last nine 32 brought him in a winner by one shot. Hogan played the Biltmore Forest Country Club in rounds of 71, 69, 68 and 68 for 276. Little finished in second place at 277, one stroke in front of Byron Nelson (278). Jimmy Demaret, Ralph Guldahl and Ky Laffoon tied for fourth with 283s. Hoganís prize was $1,000 in war bonds from the $5,000 purse.

Byron Nelson won the Masters Tournament for a second time on the second weekend in April. At the end of 72-holes he and Ben Hogan were tied at 280. In the playoff the next day Hogan led by three strokes after five holes but from there on Nelson played almost perfect golf. After being two over par after five holes Nelson played the next eleven holes in six under par. He bogied the 18th hole to finish with a 69 against Hoganís 70. Nelsonís rounds were 68, 67, 72 and 73. First prize was still $1,500. There were ten Section members in the starting field. Paul Runyan (283) finished third and Sam Byrd (285) was fourth. Dutch Harrison (292) and Sam Snead (292) tied for seventh and Gene Kunes (293) tied for tenth one stroke in front of Jimmy Thomson (294). Felix Serafin (299), Jug McSpaden 299), Ed Dudley (305) and Joe Zarhardt (311) were out of the money.

The Sectionís spring meeting was held at Raymondís Restaurant in Philadelphia on the third Monday of April. Former Section president Ed Dudley was in town for the meeting. He still had a home in the Philadelphia suburbs and was between his work at Augusta and Colorado Springs. The topic of the meeting was the role of the PGA professional to provide relaxation and healthful exercise to the public. Even though many PGA members were in the service or working in defense plants the others could help raise money for the wartime charities. There were now nine members of the Section in active duty. The tournament chairman, Charlie Schneider, announced that there would be a full tournament schedule with a few adjustments for the war.

In early May the sports editor of the Philadelphia Inquirer, Fred Byrod, reported that there were now nine Philadelphia Section members on active duty. The first one claimed by the Draft Board had been Ed Oliver who had been in the Army since the middle of 1941. He was followed by Elwood Brey, the professional at the Berwick Country Club, Hugh Crawford, assistant at the Rolling Green Golf Club, Leo Fraser, who had been the professional at the Seaview Country Club, Fred Johnson, the assistant at the Philadelphia Cricket Club, Matt Kowal and Tony Midiri, who had been the professional at the Spring Hill Country Club. Recently John Lewis, the teaching pro at the City Line Driving Range, had joined the Marines and Tom OíConnor had enlisted in the Air Corps. When it came to active duty Philadelphia was a leading contributor as more than fifteen percent of the countryís PGA enlisted members were Philadelphia Section members.

The Sectionís pros qualified for the PGA Championship on the first Monday in May at the Philadelphia Cricket Club. Two seasoned pros, Joe Kirkwood, Sr. (68-74) and Jimmy Thomson (70-72) led the scoring with 142s. Dutch Harrison, Sam Byrd and Felix Serafin were at 145. The last two places went to Ed Dudley (146) and Clarence Ehresman (146), the professional at the Ashbourne Country Club. Ben Hogan, Sam Snead, Leo Diegel and Jug McSpaden were exempt. Bruce Coltart was exempt as the host professional. Corporal Ed Oliver and Corporal Elwood Brey had military exemptions as members of the Philadelphia Section, which was hosting the championship. It meant that the Philadelphia Section had fourteen of its members playing in the championship. No alternates were allowed by the PGA of America.

PGA Championship winner Sam Snead and
Runner-Up Corporal Jim Turnesa
At Seaview Country Club

In the last week of May Seaview Country Club and its head professional Bruce Coltart hosted the PGA Championship. Seaview had two very dissimilar nines in architecture. There was the Bay Course with 18-holes designed by Donald Ross and 9-holes in the pines designed by Bill Flynn. It was decided that the back nine of the Bay Course would be played first and then the pros would finish on the Pines nine. In the later rounds the Bay nine was played last to accommodate the gallery. In the previous PGA Championships all the players received mileage money, which was based on how far they lived from the tournament site. In 1942 only those who failed to qualify for the match play were paid the mileage money. Hershey CC professional Ben Hogan, who hit more practice balls than anyone hurt his wrist practicing the day before the championship started and had to have x-rays taken. Fred Corcoran, PGA Tournament Manager, told the press that Hoganís starting time for the next day would be pushed back a few hours from his scheduled time. Because the country was now at war, the pros were qualifying for only 32 places in order to shorten the championship by one day. All the matches were scheduled for 36 holes. PGA of America president Ed Dudley led the 100 starters on the first day of qualifying with a six-under-par 66, which tied the record for lowest qualifying round in the PGA championship. At the end of qualifying Harry Cooper was the medalist with a 138, while Sam Byrd tied for second at 139. Dudley and Hogan were part of a three-way tie for fifth at 141. Coltart (142), Jug McSpaden (143), Jimmy Thompson (143), Dutch Harrison (144), Sam Snead (144) and Joe Kirkwood, Sr. (147) were the other members of the Philadelphia Section who made it into the match play. Kirkwood had to survive a playoff to win one of the last spots. Elwood Brey, Corporal Ed Oliver, Felix Serafin, Clarence Ehresman and Leo Diegel failed to qualify. Byrd, Coltart, Thomson and Harrison lost in the first round. In the second round Kirkwood lost to Byron Nelson and McSpaden lost to Jim Turnesa. Three Section members; Snead, Dudley and Hogan made it into the quarter-finals. Hogan then lost to Turnesa one-down and Dudley lost to Snead, who was the Shawnee Inn & CC playing professional, one-down. Dudley lost to Snead when his tee shot on the last hole hit a spectator and bounced into the woods for an unplayable lie. Snead beat Jimmy Demaret 3&2 in one semifinal match and Turnesa defeated Byron Nelson in a match that went 37 holes. Snead went on to defeat Turnesa, who was stationed at Ft. Dix, New Jersey, in the 36-hole finals 2&1. Snead took his first prize of $2,000 in a war bond, which would have been worth $1,500 in cash. The total purse was $7,550. Turnesa was granted leave to compete in the championship with the understanding that any money he won would go to the Army Relief Fund. Turnesa won $750 in cash and wore his army uniform while playing in the tournament. The total purse was $7,550. Two days later Snead was in the U.S. Navy as Seaman First Class Snead. The draft board had given Snead a 10-day extension on his reporting date so he could play in the PGA. Sneadís caddy was a young man named Tony DeSimone who went on to own an automobile dealership and a golf course in South Jersey. DeSimone became one of the Philadelphia Sectionís most faithful sponsors. All profits from the tournament were donated to the Army and Navy relief funds.

The PGA Championship final was played on Sunday May 31. That evening the PGA of America held a meeting of its executive committee. The Atlantic City Golf Association and Seaview Country Club had issued an invitation for the PGA to hold its championship at Seaview again in 1943. Due to the war the PGA wasnít sure when it might hold its championship again. The PGA executive committee did vote to hold its championship at Seaview again and publicly stated that when it was played again it would be held at Seaview. There would be no PGA Championship held in 1943 and by 1944 when it was held the commitment to Seaview had apparently been forgotten.

Due to World War II the U.S. Open wasnít played from 1942 to 1945 but a substitute for the Open called the Hale America National Open Golf Tournament was held in 1942. Local qualifying was held at eighty sites in the country in late May, which trimmed the eligible entries to 520. Sectional qualifying was at twelve locations in the first week of June. Eighty survivors of the qualifying rounds and twenty exempt players would make up the starting field.

Local qualifying for the Hale America National Open was held at the Philadelphia Country Clubís Spring Mill Course on the fourth Monday of May. Gene Kunes led with 71-78 for 149. Also qualifying were amateur Skee Riegel, Bud Lewis who was now the professional at the Tredyffrin Country Club, Henry Williams, Jr. who was doing defense work in a steel mill, teaching pro at the Driv-O-Link Driving Range Alex Burke, Lorman Kelley, Philadelphia Country Club assistant Chick Rutan, Johnny Bishop the professional at the Lansdale Country Club and his assistant Bob DeHaven. The war was taking its toll on the professional competition. By the end of June there were fifteen Philadelphia Section members in the armed forces and many more were working in the defense plants and shipyards. Joe Kirkwood, Sr., Ed Dudley Jimmy Thomson and Sam Byrd were exempt from local qualifying. Ben Hogan and Jug McSpaden were exempt from local and sectional qualifying. Sam Snead was also fully exempt but he was in the navy now.

A 54-hole sectional qualifying for the Hale American National Open was held at the Forest Hill Field Club in New Jersey in the first week of June. Willie Goggin led with a 209. Joe Kirkwood, Sr. (213), Jimmy Thomson (213) and Sam Byrd (215) made it at Forest Hill. The 217 scores played off. The tournament chairman, Francis Quimet, gave Ed Dudley an exemption. Dudley had been detained in Washington D.C. on PGA business and could not get back to Denver for the qualifying rounds.

In mid June the USGA held the Hale America tournament in Chicago at the Ridgemoor Country Club. There were 100 pros and amateurs in a field, which included 20 players who had been exempt from qualifying. The day before the tournament began Ed Dudley, Bobby Jones, Gene Sarazen and Bob Hope played an exhibition for the wartime charities. Hopeís plane was late arriving so the exhibition was played late in the day over 13 holes. The admission charge was $1.65 each day and the advance ticket sales for the tournament were $15,000. All servicemen were admitted without charge. The purse was $6,000. Hogan was the winner with rounds of 72, 62, 69 and 68 for a seventeen under par 271. Hogan picked up five shots on Jimmy Demaret in the last four holes to win by three strokes. He won $1,000 and received a medal from the USGA just like the ones he got for winning the U.S. Open in later years. Even though it is listed in the Official USGA Record Book in the same section with the U.S. Open records the USGA never counted this as a U.S. Open win but Hogan did. The tournament was co-sponsored by the USGA, the Chicago District Golf Association and the PGA of America. Demaret and Mike Turnesa tied for second with 274s. Jimmy Thomson, Byron Nelson and Horton Smith tied for fourth at 278. Sam Byrd (283) and Jug McSpaden (283) tied for twelfth. Dudley (287) tied for 20th and Kirkwood (289) tied for 29th. Hogan donated his putter and the winning ball to wartime charities. At the conclusion of play an auction was held. His putter sold for $1,000 and the ball sold for $650.

Sam Byrd won the Pennsylvania Open at Shannopin Country Club in late June. Byrd shot a 68 in the morning and then came back with a course record 64 that afternoon for a 132 score to win by seven strokes. He was ten under par for the day and didnít make a bogey. Henry Ransom finished second at 139 and Pittsburghís Dick Shoemaker (140) was one stroke farther back. Maurie Gravatt, Ray Mangrum and amateur Steve Kovach tied for fourth with 142s.

The Philadelphia Open was played at the Llanerch Country Club on the second Monday in July. Joseph "Bud" Lewis, now the professional at the Tredyffrin Country Club, came out on top after just missing the year before at Pine Valley. Lewis holed a side-hill 45-foot putt on the last green for a 67. The 67 and a morning 69 gave him an eight under par score of 136. He nosed out Washington D.C. professional Lew Worsham (137) by one stroke. Third money went to Charlie Schneider (138) with Joe Kirkwood, Sr. (139) and Henry Williams, Jr. (139) tying for fourth. Williams completed an eight-hour shift in a steel plant just before coming to the course for 36 holes of competitive golf. This was the strongest field in recent years. George Fazio, Bruce Coltart, Gene Kunes and the defending champion Terl Johnson tied for sixth at 140. Henry Ransom and Sam Byrd followed them with 141s. They tied for tenth two strokes ahead of Jug McSpaden (143). Next was Corporal Ed Oliver (144) who had come down for the tournament from Ft. Dix with Sergeant Jim Turnesa. First prize was $250 and second was $125. Lewis had learned the game as a young caddie at Llanerch.

A 1942 Ryder Cup team played a match against Walter Hagenís challengers at the Oakland Hills Country Club in mid July. The exhibition raised close to $25,000 for the Red Cross. Section members Ben Hogan and Jug McSpaden were there for the Ryder Cup team and Ed Dudley substituted for Sam Snead who was in the U.S. Navy. Byron Nelson was also a member of the team. Sam Byrd and Jimmy Thomson played for the challengers.

Ben Hogan won the $5,000 Times-Union Open in Rochester in mid August. First prize was $1,000. Hogan opened with an eight-birdie first round of 64 on the Oak Hill Country Club course. Hogan followed that up with a 68-72 and finished with a 74 for a 278 that won by three strokes. Craig Wood (281) finished second, Jug McSpaden (282) third and Ky Laffoon (283) was fourth. Dutch Harrison (284) tied for fifth. Twelve of the Philadelphia Section professionals finished in the top thirty.

In late August Ben Hogan left the PGA Tour, resigned from his position at the Hershey Country Club and enrolled in a civilian flight school in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Gene Kunes
Won 1935 Canadian Open
Philadelphia PGA Champion 1934 & 1942
Won 1941 Pennsylvania Open

In late September Marty Lyons and the Llanerch Country Club hosted the Section Championship again. Jug McSpaden was the medalist in the 36-hole qualifying round with a five-over-par (72-75) 147. One stroke off the pace at 148 were Henry Ransom, Terl Johnson and the defending champion George Fazio. It was wet and windy and the weather was so bad that only 32 players finished, the exact number needed for the match play. McSpaden lost in the second round to Charlie Arena. A past champion, Gene Kunes, won the championship for a second time defeating Sam Byrd on the second extra hole, after being all even at the end of the 36-hole finals. Ed Dudley, back from Colorado, refereed the finals. The only complaint that Byrd had was that playing those afternoon matches kept him from being able to listen to the World Series games on the radio. In the semi-finals Kunes put out Terl Johnson on the 19th hole and Byrd eliminated Clarence Ehresman 3&1.

In early October the Augusta National Golf Club announced the cancellation of the 1943 Masters Tournament. Club president Cliff Roberts stated that the club would not open for the winter season and would remain closed for the duration of the war. Ed Dudley now had more time to devote to the PGA and his summer job.    

The Sectionís annual meeting was at Raymondís Restaurant in Philadelphia in late October. Marty Lyons was elected president again and the rest of the officers, A.B. Thorn, Charlie Schneider, Jimmy DíAngelo and Walter Brickley were reelected. National president Ed Dudley attended the meeting. The members discussed some of the resolutions that were being presented at the national meeting in November. One of these that the members voted against was to reduce the apprenticeship for instructors from the present five years to three years. Another one was for the elimination of dues, except for the insurance payments, for those in defense work, but it was felt that those members could afford the dues. The Section members also voted against a resolution that would increase the national vice-presidentís term of office from the present one year to three years. Jug McSpaden stated that it would only take the PGA back to the turmoil of some years back when the officers could retain office for any length of time. The resolution must have passed at the national meeting though. One item of business that the members did agree on was a resolution for the reduction of dues of all the members.     

The Section allowed PGA members from other PGA Sections who were stationed in the Philadelphia area to play in Section events. Jim Turnesa, who was stationed at Ft. Dix, New Jersey, finished second in the Section pro-pro championship in early November.

By the time the PGAís national meeting was held in the second week of November the PGA of America had 1,624 members and 198 were in the armed services. The meeting was in Chicago again and it was held at the Medinah Club. Ed Dudley was reelected president along with the other officers, Frank T. Sprogell (Secretary) and Willie Maguire (Treasurer). The most urgent problem for President Dudley and the delegates was the PGA Tour schedule and the 1943 PGA Championship. Since the last annual meeting the total purses had dropped from $175,000 to $155,000 but at the same time $250,000 had been contributed by the PGA Tour tournaments to various relief organizations. PGA tournament manager, Fred Corcoran, announced that there were just two events left on a winter schedule that was once crowded with tournaments. The $100,000 winter tour was now only worth $10,000 with just the Miami Open in early December and the North and South Open at Pinehurst in late March remaining. The delegates decided that due to the uncertainties of the war the fate of their national championship would be delayed until after the first of the year. Since the PGA didnít need a tournament manager for two tournaments Corcoran was going overseas for the winter to work with the Red Cross. Each Section was entitled to two delegates with the expenses for one of them being paid by the PGA. The expenses paid by the PGA were the hotel charges and mileage expenses. Marty Lyons and Jimmy DíAngelo were the delegates from the Philadelphia Section. Lyons and DíAngelo proposed a plan for a PGA golf course in Florida. The idea had surfaced in the Llanerch Country Club pro shop when Sam Byrd had told Lyons and DeAngelo about a golf course in Dunedin that he thought the PGA could lease. There was considerable discussion at the meeting on the idea.

Jug McSpaden
Winner of 17 PGA Tour events
Second in 54PGA Tour events

In the first week of December Jug McSpaden came through with a last round four-under-par 66 to win the Miami Open by four strokes over Johnny Revolta (276). McSpaden had won there in 1938 also. McSpadenís first three rounds on the Miami Springs Golf & Country Club course were 67, 70 and 69, which gave him an eight under par 272. The purse was $5,000 and first prize was $1,000. Everyone was paid in war bonds. Bob Hamilton (277) finished third. Dutch Harrison and Herman Barron tied for fourth with 278s. Harrison won $350.

The next tournament on the PGA schedule was not until the North and South Open in late March at Pinehurst. Gasoline rationing was the biggest problem since the PGA could not guarantee the sponsors that the leading players would be able to appear at any set place or time. In 1942 Sunday attendance on the tour had increased by 30% but Corcoran was pretty sure it would not be the same the next year due to the gasoline problems. Because of that the clubs and sponsors were not willing to schedule the tournaments.     

Even though Ben Hogan had left the PGA Tour in late August his presence was still being felt. The Vardon Trophy was not awarded but he would have won it for a third straight year. Hoganís scoring average was 70.87 for 64 tournament rounds. He was the leading money winner for the second straight year. He won six times in 20 starts. His money total of $13,143 was more than $3,500 ahead of Byron Nelson, who finished second with $9,601. Sam Snead was third with $8,078. Nelson and Snead were second and third in the Vardon Trophy race as well. Dutch Harrison won $4,408, which put him in seventh place on the money list. Sam Byrd was eighth as he won $3,905. Jimmy Thomson ended up in tenth place, winning $3,410.

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1943 - When the new-year began 99 percent of the Section professionals who were not in the service were working in defense plants. The PGA Championship and the PGA Seniorsí Championship had been canceled.

In early January Ed Dudley told the nation that professional golf would make an all out effort to raise money for the American Red Cross and other wartime charities. He stated that golf had already raised more than $1,000,000 for these charities. Dudley noted that it was important for the people on the home front to stay fit and that there was no better way to do this than by playing a three-hour round of golf once a week. He encouraged the golf clubs to stay open. He said that golf was a big business, employing many people and paying thousands of dollars each year in federal taxes. Dudley also suggested that all the clubs extend the courtesy of a round of golf to any serviceman who was home on leave.

In March the PGA and president Ed Dudley achieved what no one else in golf either thought of or tried to do, which was obtaining approval of wartime golf from the War Manpower Commission chairman. It took time and effort and Dudley got the run-around several times before he landed it. As a result of that it would no longer be considered unpatriotic to play golf or schedule golf tournaments during the war. Gasoline was rationed and driving to a golf course had been considered joy riding and a detriment to the war effort. The PGA received a great deal of good press from this because they had taken the leadership and accomplished what the USGA might have been expected to do. This was a great break for golf but too late to save most of the PGA Tourís schedule for that year.

At the Sectionís spring meeting at Raymondís Restaurant ideas were presented to aid the war effort. The Philadelphia Section had 134 members and 19 were in the service. President Marty Lyons had given the tournament chairman, Leo Diegel, full authority to use the tournament schedule in any way to aid the war effort. One plan was to spur the task the pros had undertaken to obtain steel shafted golf clubs for scrap from which to obtain carbon steel. Three exhibitions were planned for early May featuring the best players in the Section. Some of the golf professionals who took part in these matches were Ed Dudley, Jug McSpaden, Sam Byrd, Joe Kirkwood, Sr., Diegel, Lyons, George Fazio now the playing pro at the Pine Valley Golf Club along with amateur Woody Platt. The admission price to these exhibitions was the donation of a golf club for the scrap drive. Leo Diegel announced that the prizes at three tournaments; the pro-lady, a PGA Victory championship at Llanerch and the pro-am championship, would be war bonds and stamps. A team match consisting of twelve pros, twelve men amateurs and twelve women golfers was scheduled. The pros would give the amateurs two strokes and the women seven. The club that hosted the matches would donate $500 plus all other proceeds from the day to the Red Cross. A .B. Thorn announced that Lancaster Country Club would be open to the public on three Sundays that summer and all the green fees would be turned over to the Red Cross.

Due to the rationing of gasoline the Golf Association of Philadelphia canceled all their tournaments for the year in late May. This included the Philadelphia Open that had been held for 40 consecutive years since 1903. The Philadelphia Sectionís schedule was unaffected by the gas ban due to the work of their national President, Ed Dudley. The OPA had issued a ruling that the pros could drive to tournaments which were a part of their livelihood.

One tournament that wasnít canceled was the New Jersey Open. It was held on the second Sunday of July at the Montclair Golf Club. George Fazio, who was playing his first New Jersey Open, and Sergeant Vic Ghezzi were paired together for the one-day of 36 holes. After a hard fought battle they ended the day tied for the title with totals of 142. Ghezziís rounds were 70-72 and Fazioís were 69-73. Tom Harmon was next with a 143, which was two strokes better than Emory Thomas (145) and Jack Mitchell (145). The playoff took place three weeks later, also on a Sunday. In the 18-hole playoff Fazio led by three strokes when he teed off on the last hole. Fazioís tee shot embedded in a fairway bunker and he finished with a double bogey six. Ghezzi played the hole with a drive, four-iron and a twenty-foot to even the match. The tournament committee sent the two pros out for another nine holes. This time they came to the last hole with Fazio leading by one stroke. Fazio made another double bogey six and Ghezzi equaled par on the hole to win the New Jersey Open for a second time. In the playoff Ghezziís scores were 72-36 and Fazioís were 72-37.

Charity match for the Red Cross at the Bala Golf Club
12 Professionals, 12 men amateurs, 12 ladies
Team captains---Leo Diegel, Woody Platt and Glenna Vare
Left to Right-- front row. Howard Everitt, Billy Hyndman, Bud Lewis, George Fazio, Sydney Allman,
Clarence Ehresman, Marty Lyons, Ted Bickel, Jr., Chick Rutan, Jimmy DíAngelo, Nancy Wilson,
Annette Coar, Platt, Diegel, Mrs. Harold Waterworth, Helen Sigel, Mrs. Ralph Seltzer, George Smith
Back Row. Ted Johnston, Willard Goeckler, Griff Boardman, Max Marston, Jimmy McHale, Duff McCullough,
Red Cross, Jug McSpaden, Red Cross Chairman, Ralph Gardner, Red Cross, Helen Raynor, Sonny Fraser,
Vare, Elaine Swope, Mrs. Sam Byrd, Steve Grady, Dorothy Germain, Sam Byrd, Mrs. T.E. Webster, Jane Hamilton.

Marty Lyons
& Joe Valentine
Valley Forge Hospital
Golf Course

President, Marty Lyons, had given the Philadelphia PGA tournament chairman Leo Diegel full authority to use the Sectionís tournament program in any way to aid the war effort. One of the several tournaments that Diegel devised was a charity match between the professionals, the male amateurs and the ladies. In order to host the match a club had to donate $500 and all other proceeds from the day to the Philadelphia PGAís wartime charity fund. Bala Golf Club agreed to host the match, which was held on the third Sunday of July. The Section professionals, Golf Association of Philadelphia and the Womenís Golf Association all worked together to make it a success. Diegel was the captain of the professionals, Woody Platt captained the men amateurs and Glenna Collett Vare was the womenís captain. The captains were asked to each select eleven players for their team. Before they teed off all 36 players signed up to donate blood at a given date. The pros played at scratch, the men amateurs were given two handicap strokes and the ladies received seven. The pros won but the most important outcome was that two thousand spectators turned out to see the matches, which contributed three thousand dollars to the PGAís charity fund. The original plan for the money raised that day was to purchase an ambulance for the Red Cross. When the Red Cross was contacted the PGA was informed more good would be done if the money were donated to the new Valley Forge General Hospital in Phoenixville where the wounded servicemen were returning from the war to be rehabilitated. A group representing the PGA, GAP and WGAP was invited to visit the hospital. It was during that visit that the pros suggested the building of a short golf course for the rehabilitation of the servicemen. The pros returned for another visit along with Joe Valentine, Merion Golf Club green superintendent. The result was the planning of a nine-hole course with holes that ranged from 95 to 275 yards.

Jug McSpaden won the $10,000 All-American Open at the Tam OíShanter Country Club near Chicago in late July. At the end of 72 holes McSpaden and Buck White were tied at two under par 282. The next day McSpaden holed a 20-foot putt on the last hole of the 18-hole playoff to pick up the first place check of $2,000 by one stroke. He edged out White by one stroke with a 71 against a 72. This was a large prize at that time. McSpadenís tournament rounds were 73, 70, 68 and 71. Byron Nelson and Chick Harbert tied for third with 283s. There were also tournaments for the amateurs and the ladies being held there the same week. For the weeklong tournament 65,000 spectators attended and purchased $900,000 in war bonds and stamps.

The next week in early August the 1943 Ryder Cup team defeated Walter Hagenís challengers at the Plum Hollow Country Club in Detroit. Jug McSpaden and Byron Nelson were members of the Ryder Cup team and Sam Byrd and Jimmy Thomson were on the challenging team. $174,800 was raised for the Red Cross, most of it through an auction of articles signed by the players and other celebrities.

Sam Byrd won the Chicago Victory Open in the fourth week of August by five strokes over Craig Wood (282). His first two rounds at the Beverly Country Club were 68-67 and he followed that up with 70-72 for a seven-under-par 277. Sgt. Jim Turnesa and Pvt. Chick Harbert tied for third at 283 one stroke ahead of Byron Nelson (284). First prize was $1,000 in war bonds.

Bud Lewis
1943 Section Champion

In late September Llanerch Country Club and Marty Lyons hosted the Section Championship for the eighth consecutive year. Sam Byrd led the qualifying nipping George Fazio (136) by one stroke. His 69-66 for 135 was a new low for the 36-hole qualifying round. Ten players broke par for the 36 holes. Joseph "Bud" Lewis, who had learned to play golf as a caddy at Llanerch, won the championship. He was now the professional at the Manufacturers Golf & Country Club. Lewis birdied the last hole with a 15-foot putt to beat Terl Johnson two-down in the 36-hole final. In the semifinals Lewis beat former Section champion Charlie Schneider, who was now the professional at the Lu Lu Country Club in a match that went three extra holes. Johnson knocked out Chick Rutan now the professional at the Yardley Country Club, to reach the finals by 2&1. Lewis won the tournament with a putter that belonged to Gene Kunes and a driver that Fazio had loaned him.

On the first Sunday in October a Red Cross Invitation tournament was held at Torresdale-Frankford Country Club. Henry A. Hurst and Oliver C. Troup sponsored the tournament and the Philadelphia Section members managed it. Five thousand spectators saw Tavistock Country Club professional Dick Renaghan set a course record for the front nine with a 31. His 68 was one stroke better than the second place scores of Byron Nelson (69) and Fox Hill Country Club professional Felix Serafin (69). Jug McSpaden and Sargent Jim Turnesa tied for fourth with 71s. A pro-am was held in the morning. With the $10,000 that the tournament netted the Section had raised $16,750 in 1943. A portion of the money went to the Navy League Service and another sum was used to purchase two station wagons for the Red Cross. The rest was used for materials, supplies and construction of the course at the Valley Forge General Hospital. 

The next day, the first Monday of October, thirty-four members attended the Sectionís annual meeting at Raymondís Restaurant in Philadelphia. Marty Lyons was reelected president for a third successive year. A.B. Thorn was reelected first vice president and Ted Bickel, Jr. was elected second vice president. Jimmy DíAngelo and Walter Brickley were reelected secretary and treasurer. Brickley had resigned as the professional at the Riverton Country Club that year and he would soon be the professional at the Cooper River Golf Club. Two of the guests were Joe Valentine, honorary vice-president of the Section J. Wood Platt, and Lieutenant Fred Morganstern who was in charge of the construction of the golf course at the Valley Forge General Hospital. Their national president, Ed Dudley, told them that golf was playing a big part in rehabilitation of members of the armed forces as evidenced by the Philadelphia Section PGAís golf course project at the hospital. He also reminded the professionals that there was a scarcity of golf balls since all available rubber was being devoted to the war effort. He urged them to deliver the message to the club members to turn in all old balls this fall so that they could be reprocessed for next summerís play. Jimmy Conway, the president of the green superintendents association and Woody Platt were honorary vice presidents of the Section. 

In the fall ground was broken for the Valley Forge Hospital golf course at Phoenixville on October 11. Joe Valentine, Jimmy Conway and other golf course superintendents supervised the construction. The servicemen stationed at the hospital, who were able, did the construction work. The Section members volunteered their services to give instruction and exhibitions. Three canvas nets and two miniature putting courses were installed in the gymnasium for use that winter to help with instructing the servicemen about the game.

For a second straight year the PGAís annual meeting was at the Medinah Club in Chicago. It was held in the third week of November. Ed Dudley was reelected president of the PGA of America for the third consecutive year. Former president George Jacobus ran for president and Dudley defeated him 50 votes to 16. Frank T. Sprogell and Willie Maguire were reelected secretary and treasurer. Dudley appointed Leo Diegel chairman of the PGA Rehabilitation Program. Marty Lyons and Al MacDonald were members of the committee also. Diegel had been the originator of the movement providing golf facilities and equipment for wounded servicemen confined to Army and Navy hospitals. Dudley appointed Jug McSpaden and Diegel to the tournament committee. Due to the approval of golf that Dudley had obtained from the War Manpower Commission the PGA Tour was back in business. Fred Corcoran reported that there was plenty of demand for winter tournaments. He noted that there were a number of top pros that would be able to compete. Some of those mentioned were Sam Byrd, McSpaden and Byron Nelson. The Sectionís delegates to the meeting were Jimmy DíAngelo and Marty Lyons. Again, DíAngelo and Lyons broached the idea of the PGA owning its own golf course. Dudley appointed DíAngelo the chairman of a committee to investigate the possibilities of the PGA having its own course and Lyons was a member of the committee.

The PGA Tour was in such a poor state that no records were kept as to the leading money winners and there was no Vardon Trophy for the lowest scoring average awarded.

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1944 - Due to Ed Dudley getting the gasoline restrictions lifted for golf professionals the PGA Tour was back in business on the West Coast in early January and the spectators turned out in record numbers. The tournaments were also broadcast by short wave radio to the armed forces. Jug McSpaden got off to a fast start by winning the $12,500 Los Angeles Open by three strokes over Johnny Bulla (281). McSpadenís rounds over the Wilshire Country Club course were 69, 72, 71 and 66 for a 278 total. Byron Nelson, Craig Wood and Leonard Dodson tied for third at 283. For his victory McSpaden received $4,375 in bonds. The players could take their winnings in war bonds or cash. If they took cash the amount was 25% less than the value of the bonds. Daily admission was $2.20.

Many golf clubs were having a difficult time, having been through the Great Depression of the 1930s. Now the war had brought gas rationing and a shortage of golfers. Tredyffrin Country Club in Paoli, which hosted the first Section Championship in 1922, closed early in the year. It also had been the home club of Bob Barnett, the first Section president. In early 1945 it was sold for $97,500 and as soon as building materials were available it became a housing project.

In late January Corporal Stanley Pokorskyís father received a telegram from the War Department that his son was missing on the Italian front. Pokorsky had been an assistant to Henry Wetzel at the Merchantville Country Club for seven years. In 1942 Pokorsky and his amateur partner, Al Besselink, had tied for first in the Sectionís pro-am championship with George Griffin, Sr. and George, Jr. He was the first reported casualty from the Philadelphia Section.

Jug McSpaden won again in the second week of February at the $5,000 Phoenix Open. Play was over the par 71 Phoenix Country Club. McSpaden began with 74-67 and then shot 64-68 the last two rounds to catch Byron Nelson as they finished up in a tie with eleven under par 273s. The week before McSpaden had finished second to Nelson at the San Francisco Open. McSpaden won the playoff with a one-under-par 70 against a 72 for Nelson. His winning prize was $1,000 in war bonds. Sam Byrd, who had recently left the Philadelphia Section for a head professional job in Detroit, tied for third with Craig Wood at 280.

After beginning the year by winning two of the first four tournaments and finishing second in the other two, Jug McSpaden was recalled by his draft board at Bryn Mawr in the third week of February. McSpaden had been notified to report to the draft board on February 10 but the Texas Open officials had requested and gotten an eleven day delay so that he could play in their tournament. The basis of their request was that the Texas Open was a war bond event and McSpadenís absence would reduce sales. McSpaden almost won the Texas Open as he tied for second with Byron Nelson, one stroke out of a first place tie. McSpaden had also finished second at San Francisco his two victories were at Los Angeles and Phoenix. After two days of tests on Monday and Tuesday he was classified 4-F. He then left for New Orleans to rejoin the PGA Tour.

In early March Jug McSpaden added another $1,000 in war bonds to his earnings for the year with a victory at the $4,500 Gulfport Open in Mississippi. McSpadenís toured the Great Southern Country Club in 68, 70, 70 and 68 to win by six strokes with a 276. Sam Byrd (282) finished second, Byron Nelson (283) third and Toney Penna (284) was fourth. Byrd had won the New Orleans Open the week before.

In the third week of March Sgt. E.J. "Dutch" Harrison won the $10,000 Charlotte Open. Harrison was stationed in Greensboro and earning $78 a month. Winning the $2,000 war bond improved his financial status. He led from start to finish. Harrison opened with a 66 to lead by one stroke. In the second round he made a hole-in-one and an eagle 3 for a 70 and led by two. Then after a rained out day he put up a 66 to give him a four-stroke lead entering the final round. Even with a last round 73 he won by three strokes over Jug McSpaden (276), who had been in second place after each round. Second prize was $1,500 and it kept McSpaden in the money lead on the winter tour. Byron Nelson (279), Craig Wood (281) and Sam Byrd (283) finished third, fourth and fifth.  

Henry Picard and Ed Dudley were employed in the Section again. Picard was now the professional at the Country Club of Harrisburg. In March James "Sonny" Fraser, new president of Atlantic City Country Club, announced that Ed Dudley had been retained as their new professional. He was available since the Augusta National Golf Club was closed down for the duration of the war. Dudley said that the clubhouse that had been taken over by the army had now been turned back to the club and was being remodeled. Also the golf course would soon be ready for play again and could be one of the best. He was still the professional at The Broadmoor from mid June through mid September and he would be at Atlantic City the rest of the time.    

Len Sheppard
Section treasurer 8 years
Section secretary 5 years

At the Sectionís spring meeting in April President Marty Lyons praised the Philadelphia Inquirer and its publisher Walter H. Annenberg for its invitational golf tournament. The tournament was scheduled for June and would bring the PGA Tour back to the Torresdale-Frankford Country Club. Tournament director, Henry Hurst, urged the Section members to give their complete support to the tournament that was going to have one of the largest first prizes ever offered in professional golf. Section Secretary Jimmy DíAngelo had moved to Oklahoma to take a new pro job and the North Hills Country Club professional Len Sheppard, who had been Section secretary and treasurer in the 1920s, was appointed to the vacant office. Anne Scott, who worked for the Spalding Sporting Goods Company as secretary to the district manager, had been hired to work part time to assist the Section secretary and the tournament chairman. The Section used her office as the Sectionís address, which was 401 N. Broad Street, Philadelphia 8, Pennsylvania. The telephone number was Walnut 5-6494. The officers announced that they needed to raise the Section dues from $5 to $10. A vote was taken and there was only one vote opposing the increase. Some of the pros paid Anne Scott the extra $5 before they left the meeting.

Section qualifying for the PGA Championship was held on the first Monday in June at the Torresdale-Frankford Country Club. They thought there were eight places to qualify for but the number would be based on how many members there were in the Section on July 10. Bruce Coltart (70-73) and Joe Zarhardt (70-73), two professionals who had recently been discharged from the army, tied for the medal with 143s. Zarhardt was back as the professional at the Jeffersonville Golf Club after a year in the army. He had been discharged from the army that spring under the 38-year-old age limit rule. Coltart had received a medical discharge and returned to his position at the Seaview Country Club. Bud Lewis was next at 144. Clarence Ehresman, Terl Johnson and Maurie Gravatt, the professional at the Williamsport Country Club tied for fourth with 146s. Henry Williams, Jr. (150) and Ralph Hutchison (151), the professional at the Saucon Valley Country Club, qualified seventh and eighth. Hutchison earned his spot in a playoff over Charlie Schneider (151). Their scores from the first round of the War Bond Tournament were used to break the deadlock. Hutchison posted a 73 against a 76 for Schneider. The Section ended up with eight qualifying places. Henry Picard, Leo Diegel and Sam Snead were exempt as former PGA champions. Jug McSpaden had an exemption as a member of the Ryder Cup Team that was selected but didnít play because of the war. Gene Kunes was exempt as the 1942 Section champion. Ben Hogan and Ed Dudley had passes for being quarter-finalists in the PGA in 1942.

Sam Byrd
Major League Baseball Player
Winner on the PGA Tour

In the second week of June the First Annual War Bond Invitation Golf Tournament sponsored by The Philadelphia Inquirer Charities, Inc. was held at the Torresdale-Frankford Country Club. The tournament was postponed one day in deference to the invasion of France by the allied troops. The runaway winner was former Section member Sam Byrd (66-67-69-72) who won by seven strokes over Craig Wood (281) with a ten-under-par 274. He took home the first prize of $6,700 in war bonds from the $17,500 purse. Sgt. E. J. Dutch Harrison (283) finished third and won $1,350. Bob Hamilton (287) was fourth and Jug McSpaden (288) ended up in fifth place. McSpaden won $800. Twenty-one pros finished in the money and last money was $125. Bud Lewis (291) tied for 7th and won $500. Ed Dudley (292) and Dick Renaghan (292) tied for ninth and they each won $362.50. Henry Picard (293) and Johnny Moyer (293) tied for 11th and each won $266.67. Bruce Coltart (295) tied for 16th and won $125. Henry Williams, Jr. (296) ended up in 21st place and he also won $125. Moyer was the professional at the Shamokin Valley Country Club and Williams was working in a defense plant and playing his golf at the Spring-Ford Country Club. Joe Zarhardt, Henry Ransom, Al MacDonald, Clarence Ehresman, Charlie Schneider, Felix Serafin, Terl Johnson, George Fazio, Ralph Hutchison and Pat Browne played all 72-holes but missed the money. Ransom was now in the Marine Corps and Schneider was now the professional at the Lu Lu Country Club. Fazio was in the United States Navy and stationed in Northern New Jersey. Browne was the teaching professional at the Huntingdon Valley Country Club. The host professional was Jack Sawyer.

Jug McSpaden won the Chicago Victory Open in a playoff with Lieut. Ben Hogan. The tournament was played in the first week of July at the Edgewater Golf Club. This was Hoganís first tournament since joining the Air Force in late 1942. McSpaden (67-73-68-65) made up six strokes in the final round with a 31 on the last nine to tie Hogan (68-66-68-71) at 273. In the playoff McSpaden shot a one under par 70 to beat Hogan (73) by three strokes. That made Hogan zero-for-four in playoffs on the PGA Tour. McSpadenís win gave him another $3,000 in war bonds. Picard and Hogan also received 25% of the gate receipts from the playoff. Byron Nelson finished third at 276. Sam Byrd and Johnny Revolta tied for fourth with 280s. Sgt. E.J. "Dutch" Harrison was next at 281.

The next week Jug McSpaden added to his money lead on the PGA Tour as he and his partner Byron Nelson won the Golden Valley Four-Ball in Minnesota. In their matches against the seven other teams in the tournament they averaged 63.8 strokes (61-65-66-63-63-66-63) on the Golden Valley Country Club course. They were 447 strokes under the courseís par of 73 and they finished with a plus 13 count in the scoring. Bob Hamilton and Bill Kaiser finished second at plus 10. First prize was $1,600 in war bonds for the team. Ben Hogan played again that week also.

Joe Zarhardt
Section Champion 1938
Philadelphia Open Winner 1944
After having been canceled for the war in 1943 the Philadelphia Open was being held again. Joe Zarhardt won it at the Llanerch Country Club in mid July. Zarhardt carded a 71 in the morning round and 67 in the afternoon for a six-under-par 138 to win by two strokes. Clarence Ehresman (140) finished second two strokes in front of Johnny Moyer (142). Henry Williams, Jr. (143) was next in fourth place. First prize was $250 in war bonds.

The golf course at the Valley Forge General Hospital was dedicated on July 23rd. Section President Marty Lyons and Leo Diegel who devoted much effort to forwarding the work on the course along with J. Wood Platt made the speeches and presented the course to the wounded veterans. In his speech Lyons gave Diegel full credit for the idea of building the golf course. The course would be ready for play in the fall. Seaman Second Class George Fazio, Sergeant Jim Turnesa, Glenna Vare, Helen Wilson and Dot Germain put on an exhibition of golf shots. Many wounded servicemen came through that hospital but one in particular was Charley Boswell. Boswell was blinded from injuries suffered in the Battle of the Bulge. Before the war he had been a tailback on the University of Alabama football team where he established a punting record that stood for thirty years. He graduated in 1940 and joined the army in 1941 forgoing a planned professional baseball career. With the help of the golf instruction at Valley Forge he went on to live a rich life. He went home to Alabama and ran the successful Boswell Insurance Agency for over forty years. Boswell won the national championship for blinded golfers sixteen times, the international championship eleven times and an endless number of honors.

The PGA Championship held at Spokane, Washington in mid August. The pros that qualified in their Sections and the exempt players where all reimbursed for their travel expenses if they didnít qualify for the match play. All PGA members who were serving in the military were invited to play without going through section qualifying. If they did not qualify in their Sections and were not exempt they did not receive travel expenses but they did not have to pay the $5 entry fee. The Manito Golf & Country Club hosted the tournament. It was Byron Nelson and Jug McSpaden again in the qualifying rounds. Nelson shot 138 and McSpaden was around in 140 strokes. Joe Zarhardt tied with Sam Byrd for third at 141. Ed Dudley (144), Maurie Gravatt (144), Henry Williams, Jr. (145), Gene Kunes (147) and Bruce Coltart (147) were also among the 32 pros that qualified for the match play. Bud Lewis missed qualifying. Sam Snead wasnít able to defend his title as he was in the naval hospital in San Diego undergoing treatment on an old back injury and Ben Hoganís obligations to the military kept him from entering. Clarence Ehresman, Terl Johnson, Ralph Hutchison, Henry Picard and Leo Diegel didnít show up at the site of the championship for the qualifying rounds. Some of the players thought that Spokane was too far to travel for what might be just two rounds. Dudley and McSpaden each won two matches, and the others lost in the first round. All of the matches were 36 holes. Williams lost to Charles Congdon 7&6, Coltart was put out by McSpaden, Kunes was eliminated by the tournament winner Bob Hamilton 6&5, Zarhardt lost to Art Bell on the 37th hole and Gravatt was defeated by Toney Penna 3&2. After McSpaden beat Coltart he put out Fred Annon 8&7 before losing to Hamilton in the quarter-finals 2&1. Dudley defeated Steve Savel 7&6 and Jimmy Hines on the 37th holes. He then lost in the quarter-finals to Congdon by 6&5. Hamilton defeated Byron Nelson in the 36-hole final one-down. In the semi-finals Hamilton defeated George Schneiter one-down and Nelson beat Congdon 8&7. Schneiter, who was playing the PGA Tour, had qualified at Torresdale-Frankford Country Club with the Philadelphia pros in June. After shooting a 141 he was told by PGA president Ed Dudley that he would be in the field if the PGA Sections didnít fill their quotas. The total purse was $14,000. Most of the Philadelphia Section qualifiers traveled to Spokane by train.

The next week 43-year-old PGA president Ed Dudley finished second in the richest tournament in the history of golf, the All-American Open. The host club for the $42,500 tournament was the Tam OíShanter Country Club. The tournament ended on Monday as Sundayís round was rained out. George S. May, the tournament sponsor, collected $10,000 in rain insurance. Dudley ended up five strokes behind Byron Nelson (280) with a three-under-par 285. Dudley had played in four PGA Tour events that summer and cashed checks in all of them. Nelsonís win bagged the largest prize in the history of golf, $13,462.50 in war bonds. At 75% the bonds were worth $10,100 in cash, which topped the $10,000 first prize Gene Sarazen had won at Agua Caliente in the mid 1920s. Dudley won $5,000 in bonds. Nelson had now set a record for money won in a season on the PGA Tour even though there were still four more months of tournaments. Buck White ended up in third place with a 286. Sgt. E.J. "Dutch" Harrison, Corp. Chick Harbert and Bud Williamson tied for fourth with 287s.

The Sectionís members were playing many exhibitions to benefit war related charities. Ed Dudley, Jug McSpaden, Bob Hope and Bing Crosby played in one of these at the Philadelphia Country Club. Afterward everything possible was auctioned off for war bonds such as Crosbyís phonograph records, Hopeís golf sweater and autographed golf balls. A set of woods made by Joseph Seka, a former Section president and the Cedarbrook Country Club professional brought the purchase of a $5,000 bond.

Philadelphia U.S. Naval Hospital
Nine-hole deck putting course

Leo Diegel decided the navy needed some help also so he directed the construction of a nine-hole deck putting-course with a carpeted surface at the U.S. Naval Hospital in Philadelphia. In late summer he set up a series of weekly putting contests. Each week a different golf club was in charge of the contest and the clubís professional provided instruction for the servicemen.

For the first time since 1935 the Section Championship wasnít at Llanerch. Bud Lewis and Manufacturers Golf & country club hosted the championship in mid September. The Red Cross sponsored the tournament and all of the proceeds went to the Valley Forge General Hospital golf course in Phoenixville. Joe Zarhardt won the medal with rounds of 74 and 67 for a one-under-par 141. There were 32 qualifiers and the 163s played off. After the first round was rained out twice (Tuesday and Wednesday) the matches got under way but even then Thursdayís rounds were played in driving rains. Two matches were played on Thursday and two more on Friday. Clarence Ehresman became the new Section champion on Sunday as Terl Johnson lost in the finals on the thirty-sixth hole for the second straight year. This time the verdict was one-down. In the semifinals Ehresman defeated Zarhardt on the 20th hole and Johnson eked out a one-up victory over Lewis.

Clarence Ehresman
1944 Section Champion

On the third Saturday of September, the day before the Section Championship finals, the first annual Delaware Open was held at the Rock Manor Golf Club. The pros were competing for $1,000 in war bonds and the proceeds from the tournament went to the Valley Forge General Hospital golf course. Bruce Coltart put together two solid rounds of 72 and 71 that included eight birdies. Two of the birdies came on the last two holes and he needed both of them to nip Felix Serafin (144) by one stroke. Serafin began with a 76 but he back in the afternoon with the low round of the tournament, a four under par 68. Next in line was Joe Zarhardt in third place at 147 and Gene Kunes finished fourth with a 149. Bud Lewis, Dave Douglas and Maurie Gravatt tied for fifth with 150s.

The Sectionís annual meeting was at Helen Sigelís restaurant in Philadelphia on the third Monday of October. Honorary president J. Wood Platt announced that $23,310 had been raised for the Sectionís charities. $12,077 went to the Valley Forge General Hospital golf course for wages paid to wounded servicemen who were able to work on the course despite their disabilities. During that year Marty Lyons had organized teams of pros to visit the hospital to give golf instruction to the servicemen. With the help of Jim Conway the golf course superintendents had supervised the construction and maintenance of the course. At the meeting, one of several speakers, along with PGA president Ed Dudley was Marine Lieutenant Patty Berg who was stationed in Philadelphia and had played in some of the Sectionís events. Marty Lyons was elected president for the fourth consecutive year. Ted Bickel, Jr. was elected first vice president and Charlie Schneider was elected second vice president. Len Sheppard and Walter Brickley were reelected secretary and treasurer. Woody Platt and Jim Conway were reelected honorary vice-presidents.

In early November PGA tournament manager Fred Corcoran announced a full schedule for the winter tour starting in Portland, Oregon in late November and ending in Durham, North Carolina at the end of March. The professionals would be competing for a record amount of prize money, $150,000. This was double the amount they had to play for the winter before.

Ashbourne Country Club held a testimonial dinner in November for their professional, Clarence Ehresman, who had won the Section Championship in September. A number of the pros attended and Al MacDonald was asked to say a few words about the work the PGA was doing with the veteransí hospitals. Within fifteen minutes of the finish of his talk the Ashbourne members had collected $1,600 to be used for rehabilitation work at the Naval Hospital and the Valley Forge General Hospital.

Delegates from the 28 PGA Sections met at the Hotel Continental in Chicago in mid November for the PGAís annual meeting. President Ed Dudley along with the other officers, Secretary Frank T. Sprogell and Treasurer Willie Maguire, were reelected. The topic that drew the most interest was the report on the search for a PGA national golf club that could serve as a winter home for many of the professionals. One possibility was the Dunedin Isles Golf Club in Florida. A film of the course was shown to the delegates and Jimmy DíAngelo made a report as the chairman of the committee. DíAngelo made such a thorough presentation the proposal was approved by the delegates with very little discussion. The annual rent for Dunedin, which was owned by the city of Dunedin, was $1 per year. The expense was going to be getting the golf course in decent condition and refurbishing the clubhouse. The facility had been through the "Great Depression" and World War II. This had greatly reduced the number of winter visitors that came to Florida for golf. A resolution was passed to recognize PGA members who had been members for 25 years with a special membership card that could be displayed in their golf shops. The delegates from the Philadelphia Section were Marty Lyons and Al MacDonald.

In late November Sam Snead returned to the PGA Tour after two and a half years in the navy. Two months after receiving a medical discharge for his bad back he won the first tournament he entered. His win came at the $16,000 Portland Open, which was played through heavy rains at the Portland Golf Club. With rounds of 70, 74, 73 and 72 Snead edged out Mike Turnesa. Sneadís total was 289 and Turnesa finished with a 291. First prize was $2,675 in war bonds. The host professional Ted Longworth, who had been the golf professional at the Glen Garden Country Club in Ft. Worth, Texas when Ben Hogan and Byron Nelson were learning the games as caddies, finished third at 295. Bruce Coltart (296) and Nelson (296) tied for fourth and they each won $1,022.50 in war bonds.

In the second week of December Staff Sgt. E.J. "Dutch" Harrison won his second PGA Tour tournament of the year at the $10,000 Miami Open. Harrison won by one stroke as he came from behind with a last nine 32 to nip fellow Section member Henry Picard, who had a last round 67. Harrisonís winning (73-66-66-69) 274 score was six under par for the Miami Springs Golf & Country Club course. Johnny Revolta finished third at 276. Maurice OíConnor was next with a 277. First prize was $2,500. At the same time Jug McSpaden was finishing third in the Oakland Open in California.

In mid December Sam Snead picked up his second win since becoming a civilian again at the $7,500 Richmond Open (California). He put together a six-under-par 278 to nip Charles Congdon (279) by one stroke. Snead put together four rounds of 70, 69, 69 and 70 over the Richmond Country Club. Jug McSpaden and Byron Nelson tied for third at 280. In the third round McSpaden shot a 64, the low round of the tournament, to get back into contention. Snead received $1,600 in war bonds.

With the PGA Tour beginning again there was a caddy shortage so some of the wives used pull carts to caddy for their husbands and a few players even carried their own bags. Military men who were home on leave turned out to caddy and were happy to make some extra money.

The leading money winner for the year was Byron Nelson with $37,967.69 in war bonds. That was worth 75% in dollars if you cashed the bonds in when you won them. That came to $28,475.25, which was a record. The old record was the $19,534 that Sam Snead won in 1938. Jug McSpaden was the second leading money winner with $23,855 in war bonds. The Vardon Trophy was not awarded that year. The PGA Tour was back in business in a big way even though more than 400 PGA members and some of the stars were in the service.

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